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Unformatted text preview: h 05-87581_unit 7.qxd 01/08/2006 10:58 Page 1 Unit 7 Safety 05-87581_unit 7.qxd 01/08/2006 10:58 Page 2 Contents
Unit summary 3 Learning tools
The RADAR questions 5
The 6-Point Structure 5
7.1 Mark emergency exits and put up warning
7.2 Provide protective clothing and tools 8
7.3 Raise safety awareness 10
7.4 Establish safety standards and regulations 13
7.5 Set up safety committees and patrols 16
7.6 Ensure facilities and equipment are safe 19
7.7 Keep accident records 23
7.8 Set safety targets 25
7.9 Be prepared to deal with disasters 28
Test 30 05-87581_unit 7.qxd 01/08/2006 10:58 Page 3 Unit summary
Each year thousands of employees are killed or seriously injured at work. The vast majority
of these deaths could be prevented, and the severity of the injuries could be greatly reduced.
There are nine key sets of actions that you can take to improve safety in your company. 7.1 Mark emergency exits and put up warning signs
The two safety priorities in the workplace are that:
a. People can leave the building quickly when there is an emergency: mark emergency
b. People do not enter dangerous areas: put up warning signs showing areas that are
dangerous to enter. 7.2 Provide protective clothing and tools
Accidents will of course always happen, but there is a great range of protective clothing and
tools to lessen the risk, and to protect employees from injury and death when accidents do
happen. Every company should:
a. Provide protective clothing and tools wherever there is any risk to employees.
b. Check that these are worn and used properly.
c. Install devices that automatically halt operations or sound alarms when something goes
wrong. 7.3 Raise safety awareness
Employees must be safety conscious. They must be aware, directly and personally, of the
importance of accident prevention in all the company’s activities. To achieve this, the
company should take the following actions:
a. Assess the level of safety awareness throughout the company.
b. Promote company-wide safety awareness.
c. Provide formal safety education.
d. Train employees to recognise hidden danger. 7.4 Establish safety standards and regulations
Every company should have safety standards and regulations to prevent accidents at work,
to clarify job responsibilities in relation to safety, and to encourage employee initiative in
undertaking safety activities. The company should:
a. Establish safety standards and regulations based on the law of the country.
b. Train employees in the safety standards.
c. Put instructions for operating machinery in writing to ensure that employees follow the
standard procedures. A Roadmap to Quality 3 Unit 7 - Safety 05-87581_unit 7.qxd 01/08/2006 10:58 Page 4 7.5 Set up safety committees and patrols
There are two valuable organisational measures that a company can take to maintain a
high level of safety:
a. Set up a safety committee.
b. Run safety patrols. 7.6 Ensure facilities and equipment are safe
Facilities and equipment can be sources of danger. To ensure that your facilities and
equipment are as safe as possible take the following actions:
a. Carry out a thorough safety inspection when you purchase new facilities or equipment,
or remodel or renovate existing ones.
b. Establish standards for the management and maintenance of facilities and equipment.
c. Watch out for abnormalities – for anything unusual. 7.7 Keep accident records
Records are a valuable way of learning from past accidents and preventing them recurring.
Use an accident report form to give the causes of the accident, and the measures to prevent
similar accidents recurring. There are three main actions to take:
a. Fill in a full accident report form with all the details of the accident.
b. Classify and maintain these accident records.
c. Use the accident records to assess the accident rate. 7.8 Set safety targets
Accidents can always happen. The critical question for each company is how often they
happen, and especially if they happen more often in your company than in other
companies. Set safety targets to lower your accident rate. There are three actions to take:
a. Assess the accident rate in your company.
b. Set safety targets to improve your accident rate.
c. Check that these targets have been achieved. 7.9 Be prepared to deal with disasters
Fortunately disasters do not happen very often. However when they do happen, whether they
be major accidents at work, fires in the company or the local community, or natural disasters
like earthquakes, the results can be terrible – so be prepared. Set up an in-house
organisation to prepare systems and train employees to deal with disasters. Unit 7 - Safety 4 A Roadmap to Quality 05-87581_unit 7.qxd 01/08/2006 10:58 Page 5 Learning tools
The RADAR questions
As you read each text you will discuss how it could be applied in your company. The RADAR
questions will help you to focus this discussion:
R - Are these ideas relevant to my company?
A - How would I apply each of them in my company?
D - What difficulties might I meet and how would I overcome them?
A - Are there...
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