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Unformatted text preview: Incidents where there was not an actual accident but people were frightened.
b. Extremely light accidents: injuries can be treated by nurses and do not impede work.
c. Light accidents that allow work to continue: injuries must be treated by doctors, or
doctors diagnose the injuries as presenting no problem if work restrictions are
d. Accidents that require work suspension: injuries are judged by a doctor to require
additional rest. The doctor must issue a certificate for paid leave.
e. Accidents that require work suspension and cause after-effects: injuries are judged by
the doctor in charge as causing permanent disability. This is confirmed by another
doctor from the appropriate public authority. Discussion
The following questions ask you to think about how the ideas in the text could be applied in
your company. Some of the ideas may not be relevant to you. Concentrate on those that are
relevant. Keep notes of your conclusions – you will need them to prepare your action plan
afterwards. Where appropriate ask yourself the RADAR questions.
Note: Always include in your discussion any figures referred to in the text, if you feel these
are relevant to your company.
a. Does your company keep records of accidents at work? If yes, what form do they
take, and are they useful? If not, what benefits do you think they might bring?
b. Parag. 2 suggests six sets of information to include in an accident report form. Look
at each of these, and decide how you could apply it in a similar form for your
company. Are there any items you would leave out, or additional items you would
include. For each item give examples of concrete information you might enter. What
difficulties might you meet in designing such a form? And what problems might you
or your colleagues have in using it?
c. Parag. 3: If your company already keeps accident records how are they stored? Who
keeps copies? Could your system be improved? What are the advantages of keeping
d. Parag. 3 suggests how and where accident records should be permanently
maintained. What would be the best places to keep them in your company?
e. Parag. 4 suggests a classification for accidents. Would this system be relevant to your
company? How would you adapt it? Give examples of accidents for each of your
classifications. Action plan
Draw up an action plan keeping and storing accident records in your company. You might
like to follow the 6-Point Structure. Alternatively you may choose to prepare one action plan
when you have discussed several texts. Unit 7 - Safety 24 A Roadmap to Quality 05-87581_unit 7.qxd 01/08/2006 10:58 Page 25 7.8 Set safety targets
1. Accidents can always happen. The critical question for each company is how often they
happen, and especially if they happen more often in your company than in other
companies. Set safety targets to lower your accident rate. There are three actions to
a. Assess the accident rate in your company.
b. Set safety targets to improve your accident rate.
c. Check if these targets have been achieved. Assess the accident rate
2. To assess the accident rate in your company, work out the accident ratio numerically and
compare it with competitors and with the national average. Ratios may be calculated as
a. Per 1,000: Ratio of injuries and deaths per 1,000 employees per year:
Number of injuries and deaths per year x 1,000
Average number of employees
b. Frequency: ratio of injuries and deaths per 1,000,000 working hours:
Number of injuries and deaths x 1,000,000
Total working hours
3. The following table shows statistics in Japan for fiscal year 1996 (these are accidents
that caused deaths, or causes injuries where employees were off work for four days or
1996 All industries Mining Manufacturing Construction Transport and
communications Per 1,000 4.560 6.168 2.832 3.000 10.200 Frequency 1.890 2.570 1.180 1.250 4.250 Set safety targets
4. Set numerical safety targets for the entire company and try to get everyone to work
together to achieve them. Set the targets as high as possible – do not limit yourself to
the levels of past or present achievements, but do not aim, either, for impossible levels.
5. You can set targets for:
a. Accidents at work (including traffic accidents on work assignments):
i. Accidents that stop work.
ii. Accidents that stop work and cause after-effects.
iii. Accidents that do not stop work.
iv. Extremely light accidents. A Roadmap to Quality 25 Unit 7 - Safety 05-87581_unit 7.qxd 01/08/2006 10:58 Page 26 b. Traffic accidents while travelling to work.
c. A safer working environment, e.g. less noise in the workplace.
6. Set your targets with reference to these criteria:
a. The number of accidents each year.
b. The types of accident, the types of operations they occurred in, causes etc.
c. The frequency of accidents.
d. The seriousness of accidents.
e. The number of traffic accidents:
i. During work – by modes of transportation (walking, public transportation), by
types of accide...
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This note was uploaded on 10/07/2013 for the course MKT marketing taught by Professor Anamika during the Spring '12 term at Punjab Engineering College.
- Spring '12