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Unformatted text preview: qxd 3/10/05 1:05 PM Page 25 5.5 Mark passageways
1. It is important to mark passageways in the workplace, both for use by employees and
for transporting goods. Clearly marked passageways will:
a. Ensure the safety of employees when they are moving about.
b. Allow a smooth flow of goods and equipment in the workplace.
2. Decide which types of passage you need:
a. Passages for employees between machines.
b. Passages between work stations.
c. Passages for transport vehicles and motorized vehicles.
3. Use the following guidelines to measure passages:
a. The passages for employees between machines should be at least 800 mm wide.
b. The main passages between workstations should be at least 1500 mm wide. They
should allow movement throughout the workplace but avoid dangerous areas, e.g.
where machinery or equipment is moving.
c. Passages for transport vehicles should be at least 2.5 times the width of the vehicles
that use them. There should be no obstacles less than 1.8 meters above the floor of
d. The lines that mark passages should be 80-100 mm wide.
e. The corners of the intersections should be rounded off by at least 600 mm.
4. Mark the passages clearly with white or yellow lines, and paint the surfaces a different
colour from the workplace floor, using a non-slip coating. Install mirrors to ensure safety. Discussion
Apply the RADAR questions to these guidelines for setting up, measuring and marking
passageways in the workplace. Action plan
Draw up a written proposal for improving the passageways in your workplace. Alternatively
you may choose to prepare one action plan for when you have discussed several texts. You
might like to follow the 6-Point Structure. A Roadmap to Quality 25 Unit 5 - Disposal and Storage UNIDO unit 5.qxd 3/10/05 1:05 PM Page 26 5.6 Pack and move goods carefully
1. Finished products and WIP should be packed and moved carefully in order not to
damage goods, not to include items that are not meant to be included, and not to risk
any danger to the employees handling them. There are three key decisions to make:
a. How to pack goods.
b. How to move goods.
c. How to handle goods.
2. How to pack goods:
a. Pack individual items in a bag, or do not pack them at all.
b. Use boxes: cardboard box, wooden crate, steel drum, steel-mesh basket, etc.
c. Use pallets.
d. Indicate the weight of an individual item or package on the cover.
3. How to move goods:
a. Automatic conveyor used between machines.
b. By hand or using mobile equipment e.g. trolley, pushcart etc.
c. Conveyor (belt, roller, etc.)
d. Motorized vehicle e.g. motorized truck, forklift, etc.
e. Manually by one or two individuals.
f. At the most suitable times.
4. How to handle goods:
a. Stack goods so as to prevent objects from falling down.
b. Limit the height of stacking levels to ensure a clear view.
c. Keep to weight limits for items that individuals move alone, so as to avoid back
strain and fatigue.
d. Safeguard product quality. Examples of criteria for stacking
5. These stacking criteria specify the stacking height for product boxes and pallets. Their
purpose is to protect workers who stack boxes and pallets, and people who work near
them, from falling objects. The criteria are based on two key considerations:
a. The height should ensure that workers have an unobstructed view even when
carrying boxes and pallets or transporting them with a forklift. (Follow the forkift
operation rules for each workplace.)
b. If pallets are stacked, they should not be stacked at such a height that workers have
to work in a high location to check their contents from above.
c. “Stacked pallets” refer to the condition below. Although the height may be lower than
the height in the above table, try to bundle pallets when they are unstable. When
bundling stacked pallets, be sure to bundle pallets one by one. Unit 5 - Disposal and Storage 26 A Roadmap to Quality UNIDO unit 5.qxd 3/10/05 1:05 PM Page 27 Figure 5.6a Examples of criteria for stacking
Condition When full When empty Height from
the floor Stacked pallet Height from
the floor Stacked pallet Object
Box 1.5 m or less More than 1.5 m and
less than 3.0 m
(need to be
bundled) 1.7 m or less More than 1.7 m but
less than 3.4 m
(need to be
bundled) (including the
Pallet (including the
1.3 m 2.6 m
(designated location) Less than
3.0 m 1.5 m
Central Safety and
Sanitary Committee Discussion
The following questions ask you to think about how the ideas in the text could be applied in
your company. Some of the ideas may not be relevant to you. Concentrate on those that are
relevant. Keep notes of your conclusions – you will need them to prepare your action plan
afterwards. Where appropriate ask yourself the RADAR questions.
Note: Always include in your discussion any figures referred to in the text, if you feel these
are relevant to your company.
a. Parag. 1 mentions three things that can go wrong if goods are not properly packed
and conveyed. Have any of these problems arisen in your workplace?
b. What methods do you use for packing...
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- Spring '12