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Unformatted text preview: therings must be kept on file for a period of three years.
A health committee or a safety and health committee can set up a special committee to study, teach
and discuss special items related to safety and health.
(Article 23-2) Unit 7 - Safety 18 A Roadmap to Quality 05-87581_unit 7.qxd 01/08/2006 10:58 Page 19 7.6 Ensure facilities and equipment
1. Facilities and equipment can be sources of danger. To ensure that your facilities and
equipment are as safe as possible take the following actions:
a. Carry out a thorough safety inspection when you purchase new facilities or
equipment, or remodel or renovate existing ones.
b. Establish standards for the management and maintenance of facilities and
c. Watch out for abnormalities – for anything unusual. Check the safety of new, remodelled or renovated facilities
2. The departments responsible for designing facilities and equipment, receiving orders for
them, or authorising them should give particular attention to safety features. They should
carry out thorough safety studies before any new facilities and equipment are
constructed or existing ones are remodelled or renovated. These departments will
a. Departments or committees at the business facility.
b. Departments and sections introducing new facilities and equipment.
c. Departments and sections who request remodelling or renovation.
3. Carry out safety checks at the following stages, using safety check sheets:
a. The design of the facilities and equipment.
b. The acceptance inspections (inspections carried out where the facility and equipment
c. When the facilities and equipment are set up or installed.
d. When final authorisation is given to use them.
e. When operation begins.
4. When a safety improvement is requested at one stage, do not move to the next stage
until that improvement has been implemented. Use different safety check sheets for
different facilities and equipment.
Figure 7.6a Sample safety check sheet Establish standards for facility and equipment management and
5. Direct production facilities and equipment like lathes and grinders must be kept in
optimal condition at all times, for both safety and efficiency. Establish standards that will
protect them from damage, malfunction and deterioration. As well as reducing the risk
of accidents, this will improve their operating ratio and the quality of products. A Roadmap to Quality 19 Unit 7 - Safety 05-87581_unit 7.qxd 01/08/2006 10:58 Page 20 6. Establish maintenance standards for:
a. Planned maintenance as in this flow chart: Daily inspections
(operational section) Inspection
results Periodic inspections
(maintenance team) Inspection
of maintenance b. Unscheduled maintenance to deal with malfunctions.
c. Periodic inspections, which may be daily, monthly or annual.
7. Keep maintenance records for each machine:
a. Store maintenance records by the machines.
b. Make effective use of this data for preventive maintenance.
c. Provide reference data to the maintenance committee.
d. Identify causes of malfunctions and standardize maintenance measures.
These records will provide a maintenance history of a machine, speed up the
maintenance process, stabilize quality and prevent accidents. Watch out for abnormalities – for anything unusual
8. When something unusual happens it can always mean danger. Always investigate why it
has happened, and take whatever countermeasures are necessary. There are many
abnormalities that can indicate danger:
a. Unusual movement of machines and equipment.
b. Strange noises.
c. Heat or vibration.
d. Changes in pressure.
e. A stop in the production cycle.
9. The most critical abnormalities are:
a. Sound or light alarms do not go off when they should, or when a production cycle
b. Sound or light alarms go off when the machines and equipment are working
c. Machines and equipment stop automatically or alarms activate even though values
are within the designated levels.
d. Abnormalities in production cycles: values cannot be set back to the original figures,
alarms do not activate etc.
Unit 7 - Safety 20 A Roadmap to Quality 05-87581_unit 7.qxd 01/08/2006 10:58 Page 21 Possible causes: When alarms go off at the wrong times or do not go off at the right times,
they were probably not set according to the technical manuals or it was impossible to do so
(e.g. oil pressure).
10. To correct abnormalities:
a. Use inspection standards or written operational procedures to confirm that they are
b. Place a card that says “power supply must be turned off” beside switches when you
are stopping machines to correct abnormalities. Put up a warning sign that clearly
indicates that the machines or equipment are out of order.
c. Always ask certified people to do any corrective work that requires certificates.
d. People working together to correct abnormalities should always...
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This note was uploaded on 10/07/2013 for the course MKT marketing taught by Professor Anamika during the Spring '12 term at Punjab Engineering College.
- Spring '12