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Unformatted text preview: age 10 7.3 Raise safety awareness
1. Employees must be safety conscious. They must be aware, directly and personally, of the
importance of accident prevention in all the company’s activities. To achieve this, the
a. Assess the level of safety awareness throughout the company.
b. Promote company-wide safety awareness.
c. Provide formal safety education.
d. Train employees to recognise hidden danger. Assess your company’s level of safety awareness
2. Consider these questions:
a. Is safety given top priority at all times?
b. Do superiors try to establish the kind of relationship in which subordinates will tell
them about potentially dangerous situations?
c. Do employees dress properly, use polite language and treat each other with respect?
d. Do employees try to follow the safety rules and encourage others to do so too?
e. Do employees respect the principles of the – seiri, seiton, seiso and seiketsu (see Text
6.2) – and keep their workplaces neat, clean and orderly?
f. When something goes wrong with the safety systems is it always corrected?
g. Are there plenty of signs to remind employees to be safety conscious? Promote company-wide safety awareness
3. To promote company-wide safety awareness:
a. Clarify which company organizations are responsible for safety control. Committee
members of these organizations should wear special armbands or badges.
b. Examine safety issues periodically, make improvements and record the results.
c. Train employees to recognise potential dangers. Provide safety instructions and
reminders to employees at morning gatherings at least once a week.
d. Encourage employees to go to lectures and seminars where they can get safety
e. Hold meetings where safety achievements can be reported.
f. Organize activities at which safety posters and slogans can be displayed.
g. Encourage employees to participate in national safety events, and run in-house
safety campaigns – national safety week, hygiene week, year-end campaigns etc.
h. Arrange study visits to model companies.
i. Introduce the practice of pointing at an object and commenting on how safe it is. Provide formal safety education
4. Give employees formal education and training courses in the knowledge, skills, and
attitudes they will need if they are to contribute to a safe and healthy working
environment. Prepare written plans for these courses. Unit 7 - Safety 10 A Roadmap to Quality 05-87581_unit 7.qxd 01/08/2006 10:58 Page 11 5. It is especially important to give such formal courses:
a. When employees begin to work for the company.
b. When they change jobs within the company.
c. When they are preparing for new qualifications (chief operators etc.).
d. As part of a special safety education program, e.g. for forklift drivers or overhead
6. General safety courses should cover the following:
a. An outline of the work site.
b. Discipline at the work site.
c. Methods for operating machines and equipment.
d. Methods and procedures for safety activities.
e. Methods for handling materials.
f. Methods for handling tools.
g. How to report abnormalities.
h. Promotion of the 4 S.
i. Examples of accidents at work, including extremely light accidents that may
nevertheless disturb employees.
7. Keep 3-year records of the safety education given to new employees, to employees
changing jobs, and to employees receiving special purpose education. These records
should include the time and dates of the courses, the length, the names of the
employees and the instructors, and the subjects taken. (This does not apply to special
education outside the company.) Train employees to recognise hidden danger
8. There can often be hidden dangers in the movement of people and machines. It is
important to train employees to recognise such potential danger before anyone is
injured. An effective way of doing this is the Four Round Method. This method consists of
four stages or rounds:
a. Round 1: Get a good grasp of the facts.
b. Round 2: Search for the underlying problem.
c. Round 3: Work out countermeasures.
d. Round 4: Finalise action plans.
d. organise training in this method:
Arrange training dates.
Decide on roles for team members (leaders, secretaries, presenters and others).
Switch the roles among team members each time the training theme changes. 10. The actual training should consist of the following stages:
a. Practise the basic method in small groups (five to eight people).
b. Practice it using training materials and scenarios.
c. Train in the actual work situation.
d. Post notices about the method on workplaces and refer to them each day.
e. Attach tags or labels to machinery and equipment in the workplace with action and
A Roadmap to Quality 11 Unit 7 - Safety 05-87581_unit 7.qxd 01/08/2006 10:58 Page 12 Figure 7.3a How to resolve problems using the Four Round Method Discussion
The following questions ask you to think about how the ideas in...
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