C not to risk any danger to the employees handling

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Unformatted text preview: fter you have discussed the ideas in the text, you write an action plan in which you present practical proposals for implementing the conclusions you have reached in your discussion. The 6-Point Structure will help you to write your action plan: 1. Problems: Problems you have in your company in the area you have just discussed. 2. Proposals: Your proposals for improvement. a. Be specific and concrete. b. Include an implementation plan, with a time schedule and minimum and optimal implementation targets. c. Refer to any forms, charts, tables etc. that you would use, and include samples in an appendix. 3. Obstacles: Obstacles to implementation in employee attitudes, company organization and culture etc., and how these could be overcome. 4. Resources: a. The resources required: funds, equipment, materials, man-hours, expertise etc. b. The resources available within the company. c. Any resources that would have to be found outside the company. d. Alternatives that could be used to cover any shortfall in resources. 5. Assessment: Ways of assessing the results of implementing these proposals. 6. Benefits: The benefits your proposals would bring. A Roadmap to Quality 5 Unit 5 - Disposal and Storage UNIDO unit 5.qxd 3/10/05 1:04 PM Page 6 5.1 Remove all unnecessary items from the workplace Introduction 1. A workplace that is neat and well organised is always more efficient. It is also more pleasant. Workplaces, however, often have a lot of things lying around that are not needed. There are two categories of unnecessary items: a. Those that will never be needed again. b. Those that will be needed again at some time in the future. Dispose of those that will never be needed (i.e get rid of them), and store those that will be needed. This will save space, allow ease of movement for employees and equipment, make operations more efficient, help prevent accidents, and create a more comfortable working environment. 2. Be systematic in removing unnecessary items from the workplace. Take the following six steps: a. Establish criteria for judging how necessary things are. b. Mark items that will be needed again, and those that will not. c. Put one person in charge of dealing with all these items. d. Set up storage places for items that will be needed again. e. Establish procedures for disposing of items that will never be needed. f. Keep a record of items that have been disposed of. Establish criteria for judging how necessary things are 3. Establish criteria for judging how necessary things are otherwise individuals or departments will make their own judgment based only on their own situation or feelings. 4. Unnecessary items can be found in a lot of different categories: a. Finished or semi-finished products, dead inventory, prototypes, product accessories, components. (Dead inventory are items that have not been sold or used beyond their maximum allowed storage or sales time.) b. Raw materials and indirect materials made obsolete by changes in design. c. Jigs and tools. 5. Items may become unnecessary when: a. Machinery or equipment is replaced. b. Production methods are changed. c. Product specifications are changed. d. The customer requests design changes. e. An item reaches its expiry date, or its post-use stage. Unit 5 - Disposal and Storage 6 A Roadmap to Quality UNIDO unit 5.qxd 3/10/05 1:04 PM Page 7 Figure 5.1a Sample table of criteria, based on frequency of usage Frequency of Degree of necessity Storage location Use less than once a year, no Dispose of it. use Seldom future plans. Occasional Use once every six months. Store in a storage place outside the factory or building. Normal Use once every 1-2 months. Store inside the factory or building. Often Use 1-2 times every week. Store at a designated location at the job-site. Very often Use frequently every day. Store near workers. (Source: “Seminar on actual job-site management and improvement – 2 5S” Japanese Standards Association.) Mark items that will be needed again, and those that will not 6. After you decide whether an item which is unnecessary at present, will be needed again, mark it so that people can see this at a glance. There are different classifications that you can use for marking: a. Mark defects, items to rework, items to re-sort, items to dispose of etc. b. Mark items that are damaged, expired, or no longer used. c. Mark items in batches of a certain number, e.g. batches of 10, 50 or 100. d. Mark items with the name of the section or person that is responsible for them. e. Mark their shelf life or expiry date. 7. There are also various marking systems that you can use: a. By object and colour. b. By attaching labels or plates to them. c. By listing them on a notice board. d. By roping off storage areas. e. By storing them in a certain place. Figure 5.1b Incorrect Correct Necessary item Re-inspection Disposal (Source: “Seminar on actual job-site management and improvement – 2 5S” Japanese Standards Association, p. 37.) A Roadmap to Quality 7 Unit 5 - Disposal and Storage UNIDO unit 5.qxd 3/10/05 1:04 P...
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This note was uploaded on 10/07/2013 for the course MKT marketing taught by Professor Anamika during the Spring '12 term at Punjab Engineering College.

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