Unformatted text preview: confirm any signals
they receive from each other.
e. Report abnormalities to superiors whenever necessary. Discussion
The following questions ask you to think about how the ideas in the text could be applied in
your company. Some of the ideas may not be relevant to you. Concentrate on those that are
relevant. Keep notes of your conclusions – you will need them to prepare your action plan
afterwards. Where appropriate ask yourself the RADAR questions.
Note: Always include in your discussion any figures referred to in the text, if you feel these
are relevant to your company.
a. Parag. 2: Does your company have any plans to construct new facilities, or to
remodel or renovate existing ones? Or has it recently done so? Which departments
or individuals are responsible for this? What safety problems can such work bring?
b. Parag. 3: How would you carry out safety checks at these five stages? What
problems might you meet and how would you deal with them?
c. Parag. 4: Read the sample safety check sheet in Figure 7.6a. Prepare a similar one
for one of your machines.
d. Parag 5: What are some of your typical problems in keeping your production
facilities and equipment in good and safe condition? How do you try to solve these
e. Parag. 6 suggests three areas that maintenance standards could cover. What areas
would you want to establish standards for in your company? What points might you
include in these standards? How would you go about establishing these standards?
(See Unit 8 Standardization for detailed guidelines on establishing standards.)
f. Parag. 7 makes suggestions about keeping maintenance records for each machine.
Apply the RADAR questions to these suggestions.
g. Parag. 8 gives five examples of abnormalities that can indicate danger. Do any of
these apply in your company? Are there others that you would add to the list? What
are typical causes of your abnormalities?
h. Parag 9: Have you experienced these types of abnormalities? Or similar ones? How
have you dealt with them?
i. Parag. 10: Apply the RADAR questions to these actions to correct such abnormalities. A Roadmap to Quality 21 Unit 7 - Safety 05-87581_unit 7.qxd 01/08/2006 10:58 Page 22 Action plan
Draw up an action plan to introduce the ideas you have just discussed in your company. You
might like to follow the 6-Point Structure. Alternatively you may choose to prepare one action
plan when you have discussed several texts. Unit 7 - Safety 22 A Roadmap to Quality 05-87581_unit 7.qxd 01/08/2006 10:58 Page 23 7.7 Keep accident records
1. Records are a valuable way of learning from past accidents and preventing them
recurring. Use an accident report form to give the causes of the accident, and the
measures taken to prevent similar accidents recurring. There are three main actions to
a. Fill in a full accident report form with all the details of the accident.
b. Classify and store the accident records.
c. Use the accident records to assess the accident rate. (See Text 7.8.2.) Fill in a full accident report form
2. First, write a quick report of the accident as soon as it happens. Then hold a meeting to
identify the causes and decide on countermeasures to prevent similar accidents in the
future. After this meeting write up a full accident report, using an in-house form. This full
accident report form should have sections for the following information:
a. The circumstances at the time of the accident: include columns for what happened,
and where, when, who, why and how it happened, and with a space for a rough
sketch of the accident.
b. The causes of the accident: include columns for material causes (unsafe conditions),
human causes (unsafe actions) and managerial causes (unsafe systems or
c. Any other factors that contributed to the accident.
d. Countermeasures aimed at improvement: include columns for what measures should
be taken, who should take them, how they should do so, and when they should have
e. Confirmation by safety managers that countermeasures have been carried out, with
f. Confirmation and approval of the countermeasures by superiors at work.
The reports should be given to those concerned within 48 hours of the accident.
Figure 7.7a Accident report Classify and maintain accident records
3. Keep permanent records of all accidents. These are valuable reference materials that
lessons can be learned from. The sections in charge of maintaining the records are:
a. Company-wide storage: the secretariat of the company-wide safety and health
committee maintains reports submitted by all departments within the company on
work accidents. These reports can be used to compile company statistics.
b. Business facility storage: the secretariat of the safety and health subcommittee at the
worksite maintains records of work accidents that occurred in that facility. A Roadmap to Quality 23 Unit 7 - Safety 05-87581_unit 7.qxd 01/08/2006 10:58 Page 24 4. Classify these records as follows:
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This note was uploaded on 10/07/2013 for the course MKT marketing taught by Professor Anamika during the Spring '12 term at Punjab Engineering College.
- Spring '12