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Unformatted text preview: te, inspect and maintain machines and equipment according to the standards and not on the basis of their own personal judgment. Write down the procedures and instructions for each set of operations. These should cover: a. The materials, facilities, equipment and tools to be used. b. The actions to be carried out in the operation. c. The specific points to be noted during work. 7. In one company, for example, pre-operation inspections for forklifts are conducted before the start of operations each day. However, employees are permitted to conduct the inspections for the next day at the end of their work if their work allows. When inspections show that machines and equipment are unfit for use until they have been repaired, employees must put up a “Use forbidden” notice and ask management to bring in someone to repair them. Figure 7.4b Pre-operation inspection records 8. In this example the following points are observed: a. Sheets for pre-operation inspections are used to record the results of daily inspections on a given machine for a period of three months. b. Numbers appearing at the extreme left of the sheets represent dates. Numbers provided across the sheets correspond to inspection items described at the top. c. The check marks ?, ?, or “X” as prescribed in the margin of the sheets should be entered in the boxes. d. Boxes marked with the X or a triangle must be reported to those in charge of forklift management (team leaders and others) for immediate repair request. e. Those in charge of the management of the machines conduct the inspections and record the results. f. The inspection sheets will normally be bound as a book and looked after by those in charge. Unit 7 - Safety 14 A Roadmap to Quality 05-87581_unit 7.qxd 01/08/2006 10:58 Page 15 Discussion The following questions ask you to think about how the ideas in the text could be applied in your company. Some of the ideas may not be relevant to you. Concentrate on those that are relevant. Keep notes of your conclusions – you will need them to prepare your action plan afterwards. Where appropriate ask yourself the RADAR questions. Note: Always include in your discussion any figures referred to in the text, if you feel these are relevant to your company. a. Parag. 1 gives three types of safety control systems. Give two or three examples of how each of these might be applied in your company. b. Parag. 2. How many of these items do you already have regulations for. Which items on the list do you feel you should have new or revised regulations for? c. Parag. 2: How would you carry out a thorough review of the safety regulations for each of these items? What help would you need in doing so? d. Parag.4 gives six categories where safety standards should be established. Which of these are relevant to you? What others would you add to the list? How would you go about establishing such standards? What resources would you need? e. Parag. 5. Apply the RADAR questions to these proposals for providing education and training in the standards. f. Parag. 6: Does it often happen in your company that employees ignore the standards for performing operations and do them the way they think best? Is this a problem? If so, how do you deal with it? g. Parag. 6: Discuss the points that you would include in written procedures and operator instructions for a typical group of operations. h. Parags. 7 and 8 give an example of regulations for inspecting forklifts before operating them. Could these be applied to any of the machines in your company? Would you make any changes to them? What difficulties might you meet, and how would you deal with them? Action plan Draw up an action plan for improving safety regulations and standards in your company. You might like to follow the 6-Point Structure. Alternatively you may choose to prepare one action plan when you have discussed several texts. A Roadmap to Quality 15 Unit 7 - Safety 05-87581_unit 7.qxd 01/08/2006 10:58 Page 16 7.5 Set up safety committees and patrols Introduction 1. There are two valuable organisational measures that a company can take to maintain a high level of safety: a. Set up a safety committee. b. Run safety patrols. Set up a safety committee 2. A primary function of a safety committee is to discuss countermeasures and recurrence prevention measures whenever an accident occurs or some danger emerges. The key procedures are: a. Members of the committee hold a meeting within 24 hours of an accident. The secretariat of the business facility should take part, and report the discussions to the committee in charge at that facility. (A business facility is any building or site in which a company carries out its operations.) b. Ask the question “Why did those involved act in that way?” rather than “Why did it happen?” c. Gather only information relevant to the identification of the cause of the accident avoid theoretical judgments based on previous experience. d. Do not interrupt explanations given by the individuals in charge of the sections where accidents occurred. Listen carefully to what they have to...
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This note was uploaded on 10/07/2013 for the course MKT marketing taught by Professor Anamika during the Spring '12 term at Punjab Engineering College.

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