Unformatted text preview: n, and dust.
Establish standards for procedures to keep these down. Keep in mind too that products and
tools should be stored in suitable environmental conditions. 6.5 Prevent environmental pollution: treat industrial waste
Industrial waste is causing more and more environmental pollution. Dirty water and
poisonous gases are released from factories and workplaces in ever increasing quantities.
This has led to a new appraisal of a company’s obligation to society. A company is now
seen as having as much responsibility for avoiding environmental pollution outside the
factory as for maintaining cleanliness inside. Companies must establish standards for
disposing of their waste in a way that will not cause environmental pollution. A Roadmap to Quality 3 Unit 6 - Hygiene and Health 05-87581_unit 6.qxd 01/08/2006 10:51 Page 4 Learning tools
The RADAR questions
As you read each text you will discuss how it could be applied in your company. The RADAR
questions will help you to focus this discussion:
R - Are these ideas relevant to my company?
A - How would I apply each of them in my company?
D - What difficulties might I meet and how would I overcome them?
A - Are there any additional actions that I might take that are not mentioned in the text?
R - What resources would be needed, what would these cost, and how could they be
There will of course be some discussion points where not all of these questions will be
applicable. The 6-Point Structure
After you have discussed the ideas in the text, you write an action plan in which you present
practical proposals for implementing the conclusions you have reached in your discussion.
The 6-Point Structure will help you to write your action plan:
1. Problems: Problems you have in your company in the area you have just discussed.
2. Proposals: Your proposals for improvement.
a. Be specific and concrete.
b. Include an implementation plan, with a time schedule and minimum and optimal
c. Refer to any forms, charts, tables etc. that you would use, and include samples
in an appendix.
3. Obstacles: Obstacles to implementation in employee attitudes, company organization
and culture etc., and how these could be overcome.
a. The resources required: funds, equipment, materials, man-hours, expertise etc.
b. The resources available within the company.
c. Any resources that would have to be found outside the company.
d. Alternatives that could be used to cover any shortfall in resources.
5. Assessment: Ways of assessing the results of implementing these proposals.
6. Benefits: The benefits your proposals would bring. Unit 6 - Hygiene and Health 4 A Roadmap to Quality 05-87581_unit 6.qxd 01/08/2006 10:51 Page 5 6.1 Keep your workplaces clean
d. keep your workplaces clean:
Set up a system for collecting and storing waste.
Have the workplaces cleaned every day.
Establish standards for the cleaning activities. Set up a system for collecting and storing waste
2. To set up a system for collecting and storing waste:
a. Keep garbage cans in a fixed location and mark them so that everyone can
b. Separate usable items from those that can be thrown away.
c. Collect and store waste by type. Prepare separate boxes for burnable waste, dirty
rags, metal shavings, and glass waste. Then get everyone to make a habit of
separating these when they are disposing of them.
d. Introduce a regular day and time for collecting waste by type.
e. Apply these rules outside the factory as well as inside.
Make a special effort not to create waste in the first place. Right from the product design
phase think about ways of minimizing the creation of waste in production methods, in
raw materials, and in the packaging of products.
Figure 6.1a Diagram of cleaning areas and responsibility (page 9)
6.1b Diagram of the cleaning results (page 9)
6.1c Assembly line cleaning responsibility chart (page 10)
6.1d Dividing collection of garbage (page 10) Have the workplaces cleaned everyday
3. To have the workplace cleaned everyday:
a. Specify what is to be cleaned: machinery, equipment, jigs and tools, measuring
devices; floors, ceilings, walls, windows, shelves, cabinets; storage areas,
b. Specify who is responsible for cleaning which items and areas.
c. Draw up a cleaning schedule.
d. Inspect the condition of measuring devices on machinery and equipment during
e. Be especially careful to remove oil leaks.
f. Establish standards that make it clear how well things have to be cleaned. A Roadmap to Quality 5 Unit 6 - Hygiene and Health 05-87581_unit 6.qxd 01/08/2006 10:51 Page 6 4. Use the following checkpoints:
a. No oil residue.
b. No oil leaks.
c. No dust.
d. No rust.
e. No gummy residue from tape, etc.
f. Everything is in its designated location.
g. Markings are clear and things are easy to locate.
h. Specific people are in charge of maintenance and storage.
Look on cleaning as part of the normal preparation before using...
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This note was uploaded on 10/07/2013 for the course MKT marketing taught by Professor Anamika during the Spring '12 term at Punjab Engineering College.
- Spring '12