Liberalism - Liberalism is not only an economic theory it...

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Liberalismis not only an economic theory, it is not only capitalism-made up of cultural and philosophical aspects that we must explore to understand liberalism.-liberalism is the first of major ideologies to appear-key: gives other ideologies the main elements which will be used to constitute these ideologies-socialism can be seen as a legitimate child of liberalism-socialism will seek to maximize the ideas found within liberalism-therefore, it distinguished from liberalism but is alike at a basic principle-conservatism is more like a brother who is an enemy of liberalism-liberalism was developed as a replacement for the religious outlook of Christian middle ages-liberalism is also critical of renaissance-liberalism does not believe we could return to antiquity-liberals will refuse middle ages, ancient Greeks and Romans-middle ages for its religious mystifications-therefore should be rejected-Greeks and Romans must be rejected due to mores-mores habit of the heart; spirit of disposition-had mores that were violent and encouraged war-good citizen had to prepare to die for the city-liberals believed they must replace war with commerce-commerce allows us enough aggressively so we don't have to fight-liberal ideology is going to be the expression of a particular social class-same as the other two ideologies-can't have an ideology without a social class-class behind liberalism is the merchant class-bourgeoisie emerge-becomes the dominant social class-understanding liberalism is analyzing who we are: bourgeoisie are still the majority-what it means to be and to co-exist-good must be combined with the useful-expression of ideology of liberalism-liberalism is a complex ideology-cannot reduce it to a single variable-such us economics or capitalism-to capture the powers of attractions on the western mind, we must look beyond economic justification of liberalism, but also on spirit that captures the western minds-if we reduce liberalism to central tenets, we can have 7 basic ideas or tenets-each takes weeks of explanations, so what we study here is just an overview-talking about liberalism, we start from the most general to the most concrete1. Nature both physical, outside, and human nature are governed by laws of nature-humans must obey these laws of nature if wish to develop greatest happiness possible-all ideologies have to do with human happiness-in human thought, nature is abundant and generous and human happiness can be found in nature-happiness is found in the full use/consumption of the physical nature-Nature = physical world + human } laws of nature-if something is said to be natural, it is therefore universal-in every time period, culture, everyone, everywhere2. reason is the fundamental manifestation of Nature in human beings-this idea is of great consequence for liberalism-individuals naturally dispose of sufficient reason and enlightenment to understand the laws of Nature-through reason, we can understand the laws of physical nature

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