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MUS162Notes - Major Themes 1 3 Themes a Identity b...

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9/29/05 - Major Themes 1. 3 Themes a. Identity b. Technology c. Business 2. Identity a. Experience b. Race/Culture i. A. and B. defines self, show others self c. Gender – Gender roles in music, how affects creation/audience d. Social Communities (punks, b-boys, metal heads, etc) i. Culture around genres e. Politics i. Sociopolitical (hippy) ii. Nationalism (black power in U.S.) iii. Regionalism (east, west, city, etc) iv. War (WW2) 3. Technology a. Recording (sheet music, wax cylinder, phonograph, magnetic tape, digital b. Distribution ( radio, TV, internet) c. Instruments (elec guitar, turntable, electronic sampling) i. Time redefine definition of “instrument” 4. Business a. Issues of Authenticity i. Editing ii. Perform own music, or just music (performer vs. composition) b. Stereotypes i. Racial ii. Genre iii. Genres for groups 9/30/05 – Terminology “The great artistry of popular music is that you don’t know its artistry.” 1. Stereotypes 2. Why learn terminology? a. Proper analysis b. Common terms 3. Why analyze 4. Vocab
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a. Melody i. The tune ii. Single notes strung together b. Scale i. Series of pitches in melody 1. major, sounds happier 2. minor, sounds sadder c. Harmony i. Two or more notes played simultaneously ii. Creates chords d. Rhythm i. Ordered flow of music through time e. Beat i. Underlying pulse ii. Deep down f. Syncopation i. Emphasis of offbeat g. Tempo i. How fast/slow h. Colorations i. Dynamics 1. how loud/soft ii. Timbre 1. quality of sound that distinguishes sounds from each other iii. Form 1. structure of piece of music 2. i.e. AAB, strophic, call & response 10/3/05 – What did early U.S. sound like 1. 3 dominant streams a. European (western) b. Latin American c. African-American 2. Cultural Hybridity a. Interaction of different culture b. Results in new expressions 3. Colonial Period a. European Stream i. 1620 – 1 st colonists (pilgrims) ii. 1649 – Bay Book of Psalms : first book in U.S. 1. both i. and ii. : All music = religious music iii. 2-4 th pilgrim waves, other non-religious music 1. dance, folk tunes, comic genres, classical forms, ballad b. Ballads i. Tells story about historic event/personal experience
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ii. North European 1. strophic form 2. repeating melody 3. EX: “Johnny Has Gone for Soldier” CD 1:1 4. EX: “Black is the Color of my True Love’s Hair” CD 1:2 iii. Revolutionary War (1775-1781) 1. EX: “Yankee Doodle” Fife & Drum, CD 1:3 a. Appropriation: take for own use (originally derogatory use by confederates) 2. EX:”Yankee Doodle Never Went to Town” Billy Holiday, CD 1:4 3. Ex: “Yankee Doodle Remix” CD 1:5 iv. Post-Colonial (1776+) 1. Define own sound 2. Broadside Ballads: first written form, for song promotion a. Large scrolls for music b. “tabloid” recent news 3. Chorus is appearing: repeated section with fixed text inserted between verses 4. Sold in pleasure gardens a. Important venue for entertainment, 1760’s b. Early theme park 5. Ballad Operas a.
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