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4.17.06 - • Culture and Human Nature o Nature vs Nurture...

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Critiques of Unilinear Social Evolution Empirical problems Multilinear Evolution o There are many paths of change, multiple histories, there is no such thing as a society frozen in time o Primitive invokes a state of unchange o All people have change, but not in the same way o All people have equally long histories Histories are independent of Each other o Cultural contact spreads between one society to another Cultural diffusion Progress is a value term o Ethnocentrism- using ones own culture as the best natural order Survival of fittest- who can defeat who o Was it progress? No o Ephemeral dominance- impermanent (rise only to fall)
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Unformatted text preview: • Culture and Human Nature o Nature vs. Nurture Human have develop a complex capacity to think Common view18th century political Thomas Hobbes Rousseau • Society taught us to be greedy • Noble savages • Nature/Nurture in a anthropological perspective o Evolutionary perceptions o Cultured behavior in non-human primates Closet relative to humans is the chimpanzee o Fossil and archeological evidence Biological changes Bipedalism 2 million years ago: brain started to get bigger o Culture Stone tools(2.5 million years ago)...
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