F2020 Bio Anth Final Exam Review.docx - Biological...

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Biological Anthropology Final Exam Review Sheet Your final exam will take place on D2L, with no set exam date or time – you should take the final exam when you have completed all the readings and assignments for all of the course materials, including those we covered back before the Time of Corona. Because this is an asynchronous exam, you are on your honor not to share exam questions with your fellow students. You will have a time limit of one hour and twenty-five minutes. Be sure and let me know ahead of time if you anticipate having problems with taking this exam on D2L and we will work out an alternative exam delivery. Be prepared to answer long and short essays, short answer or identification questions, multiple choice questions, and visual identifications. Your exam will cover materials from chapters 1-7 and 10-15 in your textbook, class lectures, discussions, and films. The format will be the same as Exams 1 and 2. Chapter 1: Introduction to Physical Anthropology What is anthropology? Study aspects of human societies past and present / the field of inquiry that studies human culture and evolutionary aspects of human biology / 4 subfields: cultural (social), linguistic, archaeology, physical (biological) Culture the strategy by which humans adapt to the natural environment / not genetically determined / influenced many aspects of our biological makeup; in return, aspects of biology influenced cultural practices / Cultural, or social, anthropology is the study of patterns of belief and behavior found in modern and historical cultures. / led many early anthropologists to study and record lifestyles that are now mostly extinct. / Examples of culture: technologies ranging from stone tools to computers, gender roles, religion, values, social organization, language, kinship, marriage rules, dietary practices, inheritance of property. Evolution a change in the genetic structure of a population biocultural evolution the mutual interactive evolution of human biology and culture; the concept that biology makes culture possible and that developing culture further influences the direction of biological evolution ; the basic concept in understanding the unique components of human evolution; culture doesn’t “evolve” – there Is no biological way for that to happen… culture is adaptive . Ex of this: if you’re a homonin in the savannah and you develop new ways to get certain foods, you’ve adapted. Anthropological perspective Holistic extending across time and space; encompassing different perspectives Scientific testing scientific method; hypotheses relativistic Chapter 2: The Development of Evolutionary Theory History of evolutionary thought discovery of evolutionary principles first took place in Europe and was made possible by advances in scientific thinking that date back Charles Darwin natural selection; first person to explain basic mechanics of evolution; Alfred Russel Wallace natural selection; fixity of species things don’t change 1
Linnaeus Swedish; book: Systema Naturae; bionomial nomenclature (genus and species names

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