Unformatted text preview: e outcry over Cambodia in
1971 Mar: My Lai Massacre court-marshall of Lt Calley begins. Life in prison. Paroled
after 3.5 yrs.
1971 Oct: SV Election. Pres Thieu unopposed (90% of vote). VP Ky/Gen Van Minh
drop out. Rigged?
1971 Fulbright Hearings (senate): More US soldiers admit to atrocities "US Govt/mil
1971 NYT "Pentagon Papers".(Ellsberg) From McNamara's study (1968). Secret
1971 Congress outraged (My Lai,Pent Papers,Camb). Sen vote to repeal Tonkin Res
1971 26th Amendment is ratified. Voting Age from 21 to 18 (if can fight and die, then
1972 Early: US force in Vietnam =150,000 troops .
1972 Feb: Nixon in China. China bad terms w/ USSR. US uses as bargaining chip
(USSR & Vietnam).
1972 Mar: NVA cross DMZ/invade SV. "Spring Offensive". Last US ground battle of
NV took Hue (old cap). NV takes Quang Tri (Northernmost province/DMZ border.
Nixon orders bombing Hanoi/Haiphong. Op Linebacker I. No longer feared
ARVN troops eventually pushed back the NVA and retook Hue/Quang Tru/An Loc.
1972 May: Nixon in USSR. China visit worked. USSR tries to strengthen relationship
1972 Aug 23: Last US ground combat troops leave Vietnam . A few advisors remain. 1972 Watergate Scandal begins. (Nixon orders burglary to find dirt on Democrat
1972 Oct: Kissinger's Promise: NV troops can stay in SV. Free POWs. NV agrees
Thieu in govt.
1972 Oct: Nixon suspends bombing(north of 20 parallel). Kissinger "peace is at
Thieu angry (not consulted) demanded changes. Caused NV to end peace talks.
Nixon's Promise Thieu $1b military aid & US support if NV broke cease -fire. (Nixon
1972 Election: Nixon wins re-election v Dem McGovern (antiwar). Landslide. Nixon
1972 Dec: Nixon authorizes (2wks) Christmas Bombing/Linebacker II pressure NV to
end the war.
2k sorties, 35k tons bombs on NV indus/military targets. 25% oil/80% electrical capacity.
1973 Jan: Christmas Bombing worked. Cease-fire. Paris Peace Talks (since 1968).
Kiss's '72 promise.
Remaining US troops to leave. NVA troops can stay in SV. US will intervene if NV
In return, NV=national elections,Free POW, SV=" Nixon agreement=surrender of SV".
Thieu-Ky(SV) continue to fight Communists until Fall of Saigon (1975). Trying to save
SV w/out US.
1973 Mar: Remaining US military personnel leave .
1973 Nov: Congress passes War Powers Act. b/c Camb...
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