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Unformatted text preview: eb: McNamara resigns as Secretary of Defense. Supported escal but later ? US
1968 Spring: Johnson and Hanoi. Secret Peace Talks in Paris. 3.5yrs. Nixon tookover
after 8 months.
US want all NV troops out of SV. NV refuse provisional govt in SV if include Pre s Thieu.
1968 Mar: Westmoreland requests 200,000 more troops after Tet Offensive. Causes
Public and Policymakers(ex-Sec of State Acheson) denounce "War of Attrition". J fires
1968 Mar: My Lai Massacre. US kill 500 unarmed Vietnam civs (Lt Calley. Crt Mshl 71,
Stopped by Andreotta, Colburn, Thompson.
1968 End: US force in Vietnam = 500,000. Johnson authoriz. chem weapons (Napalm,
1968 October Surprise. Johnson "end naval/air/artillery bomb in NV", but Paris Peace
1968 Elections: J didn't run. Dems=McCarthy, RFK, Hubert Humphrey. RFK shewin
With RFK dead, Humphrey won Dem nom. Kent State, Chicago Riot ruined his
Police brutality linked to Democratic Party by US public. Nixon WON
Repubs capitalized. Nominated Nixon (Eisenhower's VP). Slow pullout. "Peace with
George Wallace ran as 3-party. Pro-war but Anti-Civil Rights. Too extreme
1969 Vietnamization: Gradual withdrawal, return control of the war to ARVN(SV).
US would still supply, fund, train ARVN. Cover US troop withdrawal with expanded air
Nixon Doctrine: US=honor treaties, econ/mil aid, but not troops to defend allies (unless
Effectively revoked Foreign Policy of Eisenhower, JFK, and Johnson. No more
1969-70): Chieu Hoi (Open arms). Encouraged defection of VC/NVA in SV. 80k became 'Hoi Chanh'
Leaflets dropped in enemy locations. Possession of leaflet guaranteed s afe passage if
1969 Sept: Ho Chi Minh dies. Replaced by Le Duan (new head of NV Communist
1970 Feb: Kissinger begins secret negotiations with NV (Le Duc Tho).
1970 Lon Nol (anti-communist) overthrows King Sihanouk (neutral?) of Cambodia.
HCM Trail closed.
1970 Apr: US bombs VC sites in Cambodia (neutral). To cut NVA supply lines. No
Cong. Op Menu.
Sent US and ARVN(SV) troops across the border into Cambodia. Bombing -1973.
May 1970 expose in NYT outraged Congress and Public. Nixon rescinded the order that
1970 May 4: Kent State Massacre & other Antiwar Protests. Response to Cambodia
1971 Mar: Nixon sends ARVN(SV) troops into Laos. Despit...
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- Fall '09
- The Land