Vietnam Study Guide

Us support french against viet minh 1950 june korean

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: itary assistance. US support French against Viet Minh . 1950 June: Korean War begins (until July 27, 1953). Not officially ended. 1950 Ho again declares Democratic Republic of Vietnam(in North).Sov/Chinese recogn. 1950 NSC-68. Memo to Truman. Increase military to defend against Communist Threats. 1953 Jul: Korean War ends. 1953 French occupy Dien Bien Phu. Put their strategy into action (see above). 1954 May 7: Viet Minh defeat French at Battle of Dien Bien Phu. Fr. humiliated/Pub Opinion. Gen. Vo Nguyen Giap (40k troops): bicycles/artillery. Destroy Fr airstrip. NV lo st 10:1 men. 1954 Geneva Agreement: France, Vietnam, US, USSR, UK, China, Laos, Cambodia. = 17th Parallel: DRV(Hanoi: Ho Chi Minh & Viet Minh), South Vietnam(Saigon: Bao Dai). China/USSR support north. UK, US, France support south. End of French Rule. = French w/draw from NV. Viet Minh w/draw from SV. Re -unify N/S after Free elect July 1956 *Agreement pushed through by USSR/China. USA not happy with it (Sec of State Dulles). SV unhappy. Diem doesn't sign the Geneva Accord. US = Nation Building. Support counter-rev alternative in SV (fix elections: Diem) > S.E.A.T.O Build schools, roads, medical programs, build public support for Diem. Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam all gain independence from France. 1954 NV forms Group 100 (HQ=Ban Nameo). To direct, organize, train, supply Pathet Lao in Laos. 1954 Domino Theory (See Eisenhower). If Vietnam=comm, all Indochina, SE Asia will follow. Eisenhower feared free elections in Vietnam in 1956 would result in unified communist Vietnam. 1955 Summer: Diem begins arresting Communists & anti-govt. 1955 Ho Chi Minh begins Anti-landlord Movement in NV. Liquidate opponents in "land reform". 1955 Fraudulent Elections. Diem=98% vote. Removed Bao Dai. SV=Republic of Vietnam (RVN). Lansdale=US advisor to Diem. US help build arm y (ARVN). SV Govt=GVN. 1955 Diem initiates ARVN-enforced Land Redistribution (reverse Communist redistrib.) Change by Force. Villagers to Military settlements (afraid of Viet Minh rural popularity). 1955 Nov 1: Eisen deploys Military Assistance Advisory Group (train SV army). Bgn US in Vietnam. 1956 Apr: Last French troops leave Vietnam. 1957 Eisenhower Doctrine. Use of US military to protect Middle East against Communists. Also, Economic support to anti-communist governments. Ended in 1959 (caused anti-USism). 1958 Dec: NV invades Laos. Occupies part of the country. 1959 Diem: Rural Community Develmnt Prog (Agroville). Move peasants/leave Comms. 23 Agrovilles by...
View Full Document

Ask a homework question - tutors are online