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Unformatted text preview: itary assistance. US support French against Viet Minh .
1950 June: Korean War begins (until July 27, 1953). Not officially ended.
1950 Ho again declares Democratic Republic of Vietnam(in North).Sov/Chinese
1950 NSC-68. Memo to Truman. Increase military to defend against Communist
1953 Jul: Korean War ends.
1953 French occupy Dien Bien Phu. Put their strategy into action (see above).
1954 May 7: Viet Minh defeat French at Battle of Dien Bien Phu. Fr. humiliated/Pub
Gen. Vo Nguyen Giap (40k troops): bicycles/artillery. Destroy Fr airstrip. NV lo st 10:1
1954 Geneva Agreement: France, Vietnam, US, USSR, UK, China, Laos, Cambodia.
= 17th Parallel: DRV(Hanoi: Ho Chi Minh & Viet Minh), South Vietnam(Saigon: Bao
China/USSR support north. UK, US, France support south. End of French Rule.
= French w/draw from NV. Viet Minh w/draw from SV. Re -unify N/S after Free elect July
*Agreement pushed through by USSR/China.
USA not happy with it (Sec of State Dulles). SV unhappy. Diem doesn't sign the Geneva
US = Nation Building. Support counter-rev alternative in SV (fix elections: Diem) >
Build schools, roads, medical programs, build public support for Diem.
Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam all gain independence from France.
1954 NV forms Group 100 (HQ=Ban Nameo). To direct, organize, train, supply Pathet
Lao in Laos.
1954 Domino Theory (See Eisenhower). If Vietnam=comm, all Indochina, SE Asia will
Eisenhower feared free elections in Vietnam in 1956 would result in unified communist
1955 Summer: Diem begins arresting Communists & anti-govt.
1955 Ho Chi Minh begins Anti-landlord Movement in NV. Liquidate opponents in "land
1955 Fraudulent Elections. Diem=98% vote. Removed Bao Dai. SV=Republic of
Lansdale=US advisor to Diem. US help build arm y (ARVN). SV Govt=GVN.
1955 Diem initiates ARVN-enforced Land Redistribution (reverse Communist
Change by Force. Villagers to Military settlements (afraid of Viet Minh rural popularity).
1955 Nov 1: Eisen deploys Military Assistance Advisory Group (train SV army). Bgn
US in Vietnam.
1956 Apr: Last French troops leave Vietnam. 1957 Eisenhower Doctrine. Use of US military to protect Middle East against
Also, Economic support to anti-communist governments. Ended in 1959 (caused
1958 Dec: NV invades Laos. Occupies part of the country.
1959 Diem: Rural Community Develmnt Prog (Agroville). Move peasants/leave
23 Agrovilles by...
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- Fall '09
- The Land