450midtermreview - Communication 450 Midterm Exam Study...

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Communication 450 Midterm Exam Study Guide The form of the exam will be a set of multiple-choice questions, short-answer questions, and essay questions. Here are the issues/items that I expect you to be familiar with: Biology of Communication What's the difference between symbolic and spontaneous communication? What do they have in common? Symbolic comm is usual verbal and linguistic sense. It is the codes we inherently learn by sender and receiver, and involves symbols that have arbitrary connections to referents Spontaneous comm is unintentional. It has phylogenetically structured displays by the sender and is preattunement to displays by the hearer. What does Buck argue that humans and more simple creatures have in common? They all have spontaneous comm What role does spontaneous communication play in situations and relationships? How does Buck define communication? Compare and contrast with typical definitions. Buck defines comm as the condition probability that act x2 will be preformed by individual B given that A performed x1 is not equal to the probability that B will perform x2 in the absence of x1 This is compared to the old definition of comm being voluntary and symbolic. Also, that humans are separated from other species, nonverbals are seen as part of a rule governed code, and that other systems are inferior and not worthy of study. Identify the three types of readouts and their accessibility to self and others. Emotion 1 (autonomic/endocrine/immune system response) The function of this readout is adaptation and homeostasis. This readout is not accessible to anyone, and happens without thinking. Emotion II (expressive behavior) The function of this readout is social coordination. It is accessible to others. Emotion III (subjective experience) The function of this readout is self-regulation and is accessible only to the self. How does one acquire emotional competence? By correctly labeling and appropriately expressing one’s feelings and desires. *What does Buck say about media and it's relation to spontaneous communication? Levels of Cognition What are the four levels of cognition?
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1) Biological (physical workings of the brain) 2) Implementation (cognitive processing that is supposed to be a rough approximation of how the brain works, e.g., PDP models) 3) Algorithm (abstract steps in the communication process, e.g., storage and retrieval) 4) Rational (analysis of environments) Which of the four levels are accessible to people? Algorithm and Rational Which of the levels should communication scholars study? Why? Algorithm and Rational, because they are the only ones accessible to people and also because they directly relate to the study of human communication. They explain why people think and say what they do. What is the proposed relation between communication and cognition?
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course COMM 450 taught by Professor Bonito during the Spring '08 term at Arizona.

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450midtermreview - Communication 450 Midterm Exam Study...

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