Kami_Export_-_Abby_Williams_-_Appealing_an_Arguments_Layers.pdf

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Unformatted text preview: drumroll_chip_dreams_4B5035 Name: ______________________________________ A-ppealing an Argument’s Layers Directions: In the table below, cite everything you know about the author (ethos) of the article. Next, list any personal examples or stories, loaded language, or techniques (like humor, sarcasm, irony, or exaggeration) that trigger an emotional reaction (pathos) you find in the article. Then note the facts, concrete evidence, proven methods, or counterarguments (refutations) the author uses to support the claim (logos or logical rationale). You may not be able to find an appeal for each section; not every argument has all of these types of appeals. Once you have listed all of the different appeals the author uses to make their argument, in the last column rank what you consider to be the top three appeals in the argument that poverty is a solvable problem, and explain why you think so. Appeal: ETHOS Personal experience: Kristof moved to many different places, he lived in places like Oregon, Cairo, Taipei, France, Africa and Rank: TOP 3/WHY? People living in poverty lived in some of these places kristof did, so he could see poverty happening right before his eyes. Asia, he has lived on 4 continents in total. Kristof then joined the New York times in 1984, Education/Knowledge/Qualifications: Graduated Phi Beta Kappa from Harvard, then studied law When studying, Kristoff learned of poverty and like I said above, when he was traveling, he could see it right before his own e his eyes. at Oxford University on a scholarship He then studied Arabic in Cairo and Chinese in Taipei Roles/Responsibilities: Kristof worked in the New York times, and then covered in politics and wrote in a book, then was an associate When writing about politics, a common theme in poltics is talking about people living in poverty, and what people are going to do to help them, so Kristof had to learn about politics. managing editor of the times. Arguments in 10 Lessons 18 © 2017 Teacher’s Discovery® drumroll_chip_dreams_4B5035 Appeal: PATHOS Personal stories: Kristof did not experience poverty, he was a wealthy man. Loaded language: Kristof has a big vocabulary, Kristof uses these words to better using bigger words that some describe the situations. may not understand. Humor/Irony/Sarcasm/Exaggeration: This is to show that he has a good Kristoff used a lot of exaggeration in his article, to bring a understanding of the poverty and what is going lighthearted feel to the subject. on, by using more educated words to better explain the situation Appeal: LOGOS Experts: Kristoff has a better undertsanding than someone Kristof is explaining poverty because he studied and is who may just see a family living in poverty at the highly educated on their needs and lifestyle. store, kristoff actually knows the lifestyle and importance of goods they may need. Facts/Statistics: Kristoff is still writing about poverty today, and he says this " As recently as 1981, 42 percent of the planet’s population endured “extreme poverty,” defined by the United Nations as living on less than about $2 a day. That portion has plunged to less than 10 percent of the world’s population now. Counterarguments: Every day for a decade, newspapers could have carried the headline “Another 170,000 Moved Out of Extreme Poverty Yesterday.” Or if one uses a higher threshold, the headline could have been: “The Number of People Living on More Than $10 a Day Increased by 245,000 Yesterday.” © 2017 Teacher’s Discovery® 19 Arguments in 10 Lessons ...
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