The 4 Noble Truths are the first teachings of the Buddha.
They were: 1) As long
as you are alive, you will suffer; 2) You suffer because of your attachments; 3)
You get beyond your attachments to get beyond suffering; 4) The 8-Fold Path:
right understanding, right thought, right speech, right action, right livelihood,
right effort, right mindfulness, and right concentration.
The 8-Fold Path is the last teaching of the 4 Noble Truths which was developed
It helps you overcome the 4 Noble Truths.
It is: Right understanding,
right thought, right speech, right action, right livelihood, right effort, right
mindfulness, and right concentration.
Agni is the fire god in the Aryan society.
The Aryans send smoke signals to
communicate with Gods and is part of their sacred chants.
Ahimsa is the basis of social and political activity and leads to atma-shakti, which
is based on strength.
It means nonviolence.
The Aryans were nomadic, warlike people who came into the Indus Valley after
the Dasyu were flooded out.
They were polytheistic, animistic, and had mostly
Their animistic belief was that Earth was important to us and we are
important to gods.
They had a hierarchy or caste system which consisted of
priests on top, followed by Kings and warriors, followed by commoners and
followed by servants, who were the Dasyu.
They stayed and married within their
They had Vedas or Vedic chants, which were believed to be very
powerful because sound is power.
They mostly chanted about making weapons
The Fire god was the most important deity to them because they sent
smoke messages to gods.
Offerings were made to Gods that had precise mixtures
and they would burn it and chant while burning it.
Priests and shamans were
believed to be better at doing the rituals.
They used the Sanskrit language.
Asceticism describes life characterized by abstinence from worldly pleasures.
is about defeating your ego and elevating spiritual life and praying for others.
They do extreme practices such as remaining in silence for up to years.
want to overcome personal limitations and desires and their practices depend on
how long the vow is taken for.
Atman is the totality of the universe as it is present outside of you or the eternal
Brahman is the totality of being.
Atman is subjective, whereas Brahman is
Bhakti is about devotion and also the path of devotion.
It contains 12 Alvars.
is the idea that devotion is paramount and the divine is everpresent and all
It deemphasizes the caste system and is instead based on the
love of the divine.
You are supposed to do your duty with full force without
worrying about the results, it is called “selfless action.”