Religion 150 Study Guide

Religion 150 Study Guide - The 4 Noble Truths are the first...

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The 4 Noble Truths are the first teachings of the Buddha. They were: 1) As long as you are alive, you will suffer; 2) You suffer because of your attachments; 3) You get beyond your attachments to get beyond suffering; 4) The 8-Fold Path: right understanding, right thought, right speech, right action, right livelihood, right effort, right mindfulness, and right concentration. The 8-Fold Path is the last teaching of the 4 Noble Truths which was developed by Buddha. It helps you overcome the 4 Noble Truths. It is: Right understanding, right thought, right speech, right action, right livelihood, right effort, right mindfulness, and right concentration. Agni is the fire god in the Aryan society. The Aryans send smoke signals to communicate with Gods and is part of their sacred chants. Ahimsa is the basis of social and political activity and leads to atma-shakti, which is based on strength. It means nonviolence. The Aryans were nomadic, warlike people who came into the Indus Valley after the Dasyu were flooded out. They were polytheistic, animistic, and had mostly male deities. Their animistic belief was that Earth was important to us and we are important to gods. They had a hierarchy or caste system which consisted of priests on top, followed by Kings and warriors, followed by commoners and followed by servants, who were the Dasyu. They stayed and married within their castes. They had Vedas or Vedic chants, which were believed to be very powerful because sound is power. They mostly chanted about making weapons and music. The Fire god was the most important deity to them because they sent smoke messages to gods. Offerings were made to Gods that had precise mixtures and they would burn it and chant while burning it. Priests and shamans were believed to be better at doing the rituals. They used the Sanskrit language. Asceticism describes life characterized by abstinence from worldly pleasures. It is about defeating your ego and elevating spiritual life and praying for others. They do extreme practices such as remaining in silence for up to years. They want to overcome personal limitations and desires and their practices depend on how long the vow is taken for. Atman is the totality of the universe as it is present outside of you or the eternal soul. Brahman is the totality of being. Atman is subjective, whereas Brahman is objective. Bhakti is about devotion and also the path of devotion. It contains 12 Alvars. It is the idea that devotion is paramount and the divine is everpresent and all compassionate. . It deemphasizes the caste system and is instead based on the love of the divine. You are supposed to do your duty with full force without worrying about the results, it is called “selfless action.”
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Buddha was born Siddhartha Gautama, he had a special birth story. His father was a king of a small kingdom in Nepal. A monk that was wandering around for 4 or 5 years read his palm and said that he was going to be a great king or become
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course REL 150 taught by Professor Ramdaslamb during the Spring '08 term at Hawaii.

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Religion 150 Study Guide - The 4 Noble Truths are the first...

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