Study Words for Religion

Study Words for Religion - Study Words for Religion Exam #2...

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Study Words for Religion Exam #2 1. 5 Classics – books that Confucius promoted, but was not written by him. There was the history book, poetry book, I Ching (prophecy book, book about the future, and the 54 Trigrams). They help you understand who you are and was a book of divination. These teachings ended up in the Analects. 2. Amaterasu – a sun goddess born when Izanagi cleansed himself. Meaning very pure and became the main god. 3. Amitabha/Amida – Buddha of Infinite beings. Omito-fu is chant used in China and Amida is used in Japan. Repetition of their names can remove sins 4. Analects – A major source for Kong Fuzi’s teachings. 5. Ancestor worship – part of the Shang dynasty. They had paper money and food on altars which were used to offer to ancestors because ancestors were seen as intermediaries between the real world and spirit world. 6. Bodhidharma – an Indian Buddhist monk who had trouble meditating because he always falls asleep, so he ripped his eye lids off. He sits facing a cave wall in a Shaolin temple for 9 years and gains enlightenment when two boys whack him with a bamboo stick. He performed yoga and developed martial arts as a form of self defense for monks against attackers and this is when kung fu is born. 7. Bodhisattva – is a person who is truly good and they work in the interest of everyone. They come back to help people become enlightened. 8. Bon/Bon-po – the religion in Tibet prior to Buddhism 9. Bushido – “The way of the warrior.” It is the moral code of chivalry among the samurai. A samurai must work till death for whoever they work for and loyalty is key in the Bushido. 10. Ch’an – was started by an Indian Buddhist monk (Bodhidharma) and was a meditation school. There were 2 schools, the Northern were the gradual enlightenment process and believed that life is a show of gradual process, and the Southern is the sudden enlightenment and they believed that if you get it, you get it. The practice of meditation was used and they used koan. 11. Ch’ing T’u – is the pure land Buddhism school that promoted pure land sutras, chants of amida, and was introduced by Bodhidharma. They practiced chanting “namu omito fu.”
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12. Chih-I – was a Buddhist monk and had a special birth. Idea that one cannot be greater than the teacher because it was disrespectful. He was said to be Buddha’s half-brother. He founded the T’ian T’ai tradition. 13. Chuang Tzu – is also known as Zhuanzi. His teachings are found in the book of Zhuangzi. He sees the connectiveness in life and has the pantheistic-like view of Tao. He believes that Tao is in all things and externals have no distinctions and everything that separates is temporal. 14. Confucianism – founded by Kong Fuzi, also known as Confucius.
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course REL 150 taught by Professor Ramdaslamb during the Spring '08 term at Hawaii.

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Study Words for Religion - Study Words for Religion Exam #2...

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