SOCLIT.docx - Literature is derived from the Latin word...

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Literature is derived from the Latin word “litera” which means letters. It is the art of written work and can, in some circumstances, refer exclusively to published sources. It is any printed matter written on a book, a magazine or a pamphlet. It also refers to man’s manifold experiences blended into a harmonious expression. Do you know about its origin ? What are its developments? Taken to mean only written works, literature was first produced by some of the world’s earliest civilizations—those of Ancient Egypt and Sumeria—as early as the 4th millennium BC; taken to include spoken or sung texts, it originated even earlier, and some of the first written works may have been based on a pre- existing oral tradition. As urban cultures and societies developed, there was a proliferation in the forms of literature. Developments in print technology allowed for literature to be distributed and experienced on an unprecedented scale, which has culminated in the twenty-first century in electronic literature. Why study literature? What can be its benefits? By studying good literature, we learn more about human problems and difficulties. We will know about universality of such problems and ways to overcome them. Thus, it makes ourselves better human beings. Moreover, it allows us to go to the places we’ve never been, meet persons we’ve never met and encounter ideas that never crossed our minds. Furthermore, international understanding and world peace could as well be achieved. Seven Literary Standards The seven literary standards are a set of characteristics to determine whether or not a work is literary. Universality - Literature appeals to everyone, regardless of culture, race, sex and time which are all considered significant. Artistry - Literature has an aesthetic appeal and thus possesses a sense of beauty. Permanence - Literature endures across time and draws out the time factor: o Timeliness- occurring at a particular time o Timelessness- remaining invariable throughout time. Style - Literature presents peculiar ways on how man sees life as evidence by the formation of his ideas, forms, structures and expressions which are marked by their memorable substance. Intellectual Value - it stimulates critical thinking that enriches mental processes of abstract reasoning, making man realize the fundamental of truths of life and its nature Spiritual Value - Literature elevates the spirit and the soul and thus has the power to motivate and to inspire. Suggestiveness - It unravels man’s emotional power to define symbolism, nuances implied meanings, images and messages, giving and evoking visions above and beyond the plane of ordinary life and experience. A particular literary piece must possess these seven literary standards in order to be called a peerless epitome of artwork capable of enduring the inevitable gusty tides of alteration. To criticize it is to consider the seven literary standards. Be critical. Ask yourself once in a while.

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