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Cognitive theories n cognion and sexuality what we

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Unformatted text preview: Research Essentialist Constructivist + 1. Evolutionary Theory •  Sociobiology •  Natural selection •  Sexual Selection •  Evolutionary Psychology + 2. Psychological Theories n༆  4 major theories in psychology relevant to sexuality n༆  n༆  n༆  n༆  Psychoanaly@c theory Learning theory Social exchange theory Cogni@ve theory + Psychological Theories A. Psychoanalytic Theory Freud thought there are two major forces which mo@vate human behaviour: sex energy or libido, and the death ins@nct or thanatos n༆  He divided human personality into 3 parts: n༆  Id – present at birth and operates on the pleasure principle (HOMER) n༆  Ego – the ra@onal part of the self which operates on the reality principle (MARGE) n༆  Superego – the conscience which operates on idealism (LISA) + Psychological Theories A. Psychoanalytic Theory n༆ Freud’s stages of psychosexual development: n༆  Oral stage n༆  Anal stage Phallic stage Latency Genital stage n༆  n༆  n༆  + Psychological Theories B. Learning Theory •  Classical condi)oning - takes place when a condi@oned s@mulus is paired with an original uncondi@oned s@mulus (Pavlov) •  Operant condi)oning - means a person is more likely to repeat a behaviour if it is rewarded (reinforcement) (Skinner) + Psychological Theories B. Learning Theory •  Behaviour modifica)on involves a...
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