Adherence_Research_Examples_Mar_21

Adherence_Research_Examples_Mar_21 - Findings • Perceived...

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Adherence Research Examples March 21, 2008
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Ethnicity and Symptom Recognition Examine acute myocardial infarction symptoms in a multi-ethnic sample of lay individuals Gender of the character in the prompt was manipulated. Telephone surveys were conducted in English, Cantonese, Mandarin, and Punjabi Ethnic differences emerged – Chinese respondents were least likely to identify the symptoms as heart related and least likely to make the recommendations for seeking emergency care. There were no effects for gender (of respondent or characters in prompt) Recognition of Symptoms (Ratner et al. 2006)
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Hypothesis Perceived behavioral control and intentions would predict cardiac-health related behaviors one year after diagnosis. Methods Participants were 597 patients who had been diagnosed with coronary heart disease Data on intentions to modify smoking and exercise behaviors were collected at year one. Follow-up data were collected one year later Focus Study (Johnston et al., 2004)
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Unformatted text preview: Findings • Perceived behavioral control predicted exercise, distance walked, and smoking cessation. • Intention alone did not predict behavior change. • Perceived control over behavior is more important than motivation! Focus Study (Johnston et al., 2004) Hypotheses • Individuals with higher intelligence, and more flexible cognitive functioning would adhere to their medication regimen. • Individuals who are more emotionally stable would have better treatment adherence. Methods • Participants were 158 adults with high cholesterol. • Secondary data analysis Focus Study (Stilley, Sereika, Muldoon, Ryan, Dunbar-Jacob, 2004) Findings • 23% of the sample took their medication properly 80% of the time. • Adherence was predicted by conscientiousness (personality trait) and IQ. • Depression and anxiety were negatively related to adherence. • Cognitive flexibility predicted adherence. Focus Study (Stilley, Sereika, Muldoon, Ryan, Dunbar-Jacob, 2004)...
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