THE CARDIOVASCULAR AND RESPIRATORY SYSTEMS WORKSHEET.pdf -...

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THE CARDIOVASCULAR AND RESPIRATORY SYSTEMS WORKSHEET 1. What is the anatomy of the Cardiovascular System and the role of each? 2. Complete the labelling for the anatomy and pathway of blood through the heart. Indicate beside each whether it is part of the Pulmonary or Systemic Circuit (use a P or a S). 1. __________________________________________ Superior Vena Cava 2. __________________________________________ Inferior Vena Cava 3. __________________________________________ Right Atrium 4. __________________________________________ Tricuspid Valve 5. __________________________________________ Right Ventricle 6. __________________________________________ Pulmonary Semilunar Valve 7. __________________________________________ Right and Left Pulmonary Arteries 8. __________________________________________ Right and Left Pulmonary Veins
9. __________________________________________ Left Atrium 10. __________________________________________ Bicuspid Valves (Mitral) 11. __________________________________________ Left Ventricle 12. __________________________________________ Aortic Semilunar Valve 13. __________________________________________ Aorta (Aortic Arch) 3. The heart is known as a ‘Double Pump’ because it actually beats twice, once sending the blood around the Pulmonary Circuit and once to send it around the Systemic Circuit. Provide an explanation of the role of these two systems. Be sure to make reference to the anatomy for each of these two circuits needed to fulfill their role. 4. Explain what Cardiac Output is and why a highly efficient Cardiac Output in a well-trained athlete at rest and during exercise is beneficial.

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