100%(1)1 out of 1 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 1 - 4 out of 10 pages.
August 23, 2011First ContactsI.European Voyages. A.Leif Eriksson; Marco PoloB.Christopher ColumbusII.The First AmericansIII.Roanoke (see reader notes for more detail)A.Sir Walter RaleighB.CroatoanI.European VoyagesA.Vikings found America before Columbus in the 10-11 centuryB.Leif Eriksson establishes Viking colony in “Newfoundland” in about 1000B.1.This is proven because in 1950 archeologist found remnants of things not built by Native AmericansC.“Northman” tried to est. colonies but it didn’t workC.1.Took 492 years to actually work =|D.Things in England that allowed Columbus to take voyageD.1.Awareness if a world around EuropeD.1.a.Voyages of Marco Polo to the east. D.1.a.i.Knew of the middle east but had no knowledge of anything further eastD.1.a.i.a.Got info from the middle eastern people who told him of other people more east…so on and so forthD.1.a.i.b.Found China!D.1.a.i.c.Kept journal of what he foundD.1.a.i.c.a)For those who were illiterate he brought back stuff to show to themD.1.a.i.d.Brought back very important thingsD.1.a.i.d.a)GunpowderD.1.a.i.d.b)SilkD.1.a.i.d.c)SpicesD.1.a.i.d.d)TextilesD.1.a.i.d.e)PastaD.1.b.Rise of Nation-StatesD.1.b.i.Before nation-states there were kingdoms…etcD.1.b.i.a.Nation-states tended to be:D.1.b.i.a.a)Geo. SpecificD.1.b.i.a.b)Had their own law and governmentD.1.b.i.a.c)And were ethnicD.1.c.New strides in navigation (no educated person thought the world was flat. The Greeks knew it was spherical.)
D.1.c.i.Portuguese gave them ideasD.1.c.ii.Took until 1471 to reach equator in AfricaD.1.c.ii.a.Found gold and brought back slavesE.ColumbusE.1.Developed a plan to go west to reach Asia (thought it would take 4-5 weeks)E.1.a.August 1492 left from Spain going west E.1.b.October 12, 1492 found landE.1.b.i.Thought it was Asia, actually was San SalvadorE.1.b.i.a.Saw the people and terrain and thought he was in India E.1.b.i.a.a)Brought home people for slaves E.1.b.ii.He went on 3 more voyages still thinking he was in AsiaE.1.b.ii.a.1504 was his last voyage and died still thinking he reached Asia.E.1.b.iii.Others realized that this land was different than Polo described and that it wasn’t Asia. E.1.b.iv.Every nation-state wanted to find this “new nation” and claim inE.1.b.iv.a.Spain won, portegual-2nd, France-3rdE.1.b.iv.a.a)England was WAY after the fact. E.1.b.iv.a.b)First colony was St. Augustine, Fl. Est. 1565 by Spain E.1.b.iv.b.(see about Sir Francis Drake in textbook notes) E.1.b.iv.c.(see about Phillip II of Spain in textbook notes)August 25, 2011II.The First AmericansA.No idea of how many natives, probably millionsA.1.(see more about the specific natives in textbook notes)B.Columbian ExchangeB.1.It was biologicalB.2.Natives got:B.2.a.Animals B.2.a.i.Horses, cows, pigs (didn’t exist before European contact)B.2.b.PeopleB.2.c.VirusesB.2.c.i.SmallpoxB.2.c.ii.Flu
B.2.c.ii.a.These didn’t exist eitherB.2.d.The Europeans gave their clothing infected w/ small pox to the natives to basically kill them offB.3.