Classification - 1 CLASSIFICATION Classification is a method of naming and organizing ideas information objects and living things into categories This

Classification - 1 CLASSIFICATION Classification is a...

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CLASSIFICATION Classification is a method of naming and organizing ideas, information, objects and living things into categories. This naming and arranging, is based on the object or living thing’s unique characteristics. For instance, when we say the word “chair,” we all know what we are taking about and anyone would be able to describe a chair and list the features that make it different from lets say a table. Yet, we know that there are different types of chairs, but all of them have those basic, similar characteristics that classify them as “chairs.” Classification performs two basic purposes: 1. To organize the world around us. 2. To facilitate communication among people. If we all gave different names to the same object or living thing, we would not be able to communicate with each other. We could argue that classification must have started as soon as Humankind developed some sort of speech. However, Aristotle, a Greek philosopher, led the first effort to group living things in a “scientific” manner more than 2000 years ago. Aristotle grouped all living things into two large groups (Kingdoms) -- the plant and animal kingdoms. Kingdom is the largest category in classification. Presently, there is a branch of science that deals with naming and classifying organisms, Taxonomy . The present system of classification was developed by a Swedish physician and naturalist named Carolus Linnaeus (1707-1778). Linnaeus’ system of classification is called a binomial system because each living thing is named using two words. The first word is the Genus and the second the species to which a particular organism belongs. The genus name is always capitalized, but the species name is not. Both words, which form the scientific name of an organism, are either underlined or written in italics. An organism’s scientific name is always in Latin. This method facilitates communication among scientists all over the world. They do not have to memorize the name of an organism in different languages. For example, imagine there is a room full of scientists from 20 different countries. When one of them says Felis concolor , all the scientists know that s/he is talking about a cougar. This is different from our
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  • Winter '13
  • DavidGrueber

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