Atypical Development Types

Atypical Development Types - Atypical Development Types...

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Atypical Development Types Atypical development includes: mental retardation, learning disabilities, giftedness, Persuasive Developmental Disorders (PDD) Mental Retardation: o Defined as having an IQ below 70 w/ problems in adaptive behavior (ex: eating or dressing) o Caused by physical damage (genetically), disease, or teratogen (exposure to alcohol as fetus) Learning Disabilities: o Are problems relating to learning to read, write, or arithmetic o There isn’t a single cause of learning disabilities, but neurological differences may offer an explanation “Gifted”: o Those w/ high IQ scores (above 130) or those w/ unusual creativity/exceptional specific talent Persuasive Developmental Disorder (PDD): o Autism spectrum disorder o Determined by impaired social skills/poor communication skills Changes occur in predictable periods of greater or simultaneous change Changes trigger each other (ex: language development impacts thinking) Major changes lead to “transition” or a “developmental leap” (ex: puberty impacts
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Unformatted text preview: parent-child relationship) • Four (4) processes that work together during transition: o Physical Maturation: Children develop typically their physical interaction w/ environment sparks more physical/intellectual development o Child’s Exploration: Child’s interaction w/ environment combines w/ disposition and environmental exposure to determine growth in knowledge/understanding o Attachment: Child’s level of attachment informs adaption, exploration, and ability to handle stress o Internal Working Models Child’s theory of reality based on beliefs about environment, themselves, and people around them • Basic process influences o Organic Damage: Genetic anomalies Inherited disease Teratogenic effects in utero o Family environment Impacts child’s attachment, motivation, self-concept, knowledge, and willingness to explore/impact future development • Family influences: o Economic o Educational o Environmental...
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