Acoons act only on a maxim which you can will to be a

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Unformatted text preview: ou wouldn’t even be here.) Don’t make false promises. (If everyone did, promises wouldn’t mean anything.) Imperfect DuOes Don’t waste your talents out of laziness. (If everyone did, you’d end up with much less leisure.) Help the poor. (If no one did, you’d be in more danger than if everyone did.) •  Kant believed that his theory explained all of common ­sense morality. So for any moral duty, you should be able to come up with an explanaOon for why failure to obey couldn’t or shouldn’t be universal. •  Example: is it okay to steal in order to enrich myself? No, because if everybody rouOnely stole, my property rights wouldn’t mean anything; I wouldn’t be rich, just temporarily in possession of goods unOl someone took them away from me. Contrast with Golden Rule: Maxims vs. AcOons •  “Act only on a maxim which you can will to be a universal law.” refers to maxims. “Do unto others as you would have them do unto you.” refers to acOons. •  We saw last Ome that what mahers morally is the intent of an acOon. –  For a new example, drunk driving is wrong even if you don’t happen to run anyone over. 3 Ethics 9/13/2012 Contrast with Golden Rule: “Unto you” vs. “Universal” •  Suppose you see someone tossing liher onto the grass. –  If you say “How would you like it if someone did that to you?”, he’ll say “Did what? I’m not doing anything to anyone.” –  If you say “You should love your neighbor as yourself!”, he’ll say “I don’t mind seeing this one piece of liher on the grass, so why should I mind other people seeing it there?” –  The way to persuade him is to say “How would you like it if everyone threw lihe...
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This note was uploaded on 10/20/2013 for the course PHIL 111 taught by Professor Kain during the Fall '08 term at Purdue.

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