unit 8 history.rtf - Unit 8 US History Farm Challenges 1...

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Unit 8 US History Farm Challenges 1. Write the correct key term in the blank preceding each definition. a. bonanza farms : Large farms in the United States in the late 1800s. Most of these farms grew and sold wheat. The large-scale production was possible because of new farm machinery, cheap land, and railroads. b. cash crops: A crop grown specifically to be sold. Examples of cash crops in America include tobacco and cotton. 3. How did new technology both help and hurt the farmers? The new technologies contribute to the acceleration of production and the improvement of product quality. However, at the same time, it ends up taking away the opportunity of jobs, since a machine is capable of doing what several men do. 5. How did the crop lien system trap some farmers in a cycle of debt? The crop lien allowed sharecroppers, tenant farmers, and poor land owners to borrow money from lenders by giving them a legal claim to a portion of the crop in advance. But sometimes the crop was poor or prices were low, and crop liens led to an endless cycle of debt. 6. How did growing mostly cash crops hurt small farmers?a crop produced for its commercial value rather than for use by the grower. Farmers United 1. Write the correct key term in the blank preceding each definition. a. : A political party that existed from 1891 to 1908. Also called the People's Party, it supported policies that represented ordinary people, including farmers and factory workers. b. : An association for farmers that was founded in 1867. Its goal is to work for policies that would help the economic and political well-being of farm families. c. : (1860 - 1925) An American politician who was the Democratic nominee for president in 1896 and 1900, losing both times to William McKinley. He was a famous speaker and lawyer who supported populist policies, or policies that would help ordinary people. 2. What steps did farmers take to organize themselves?In an attempt to improve their condition, farmers in the 1870s decided to organize. ... Working within existing political parties, farmers attempted to bring about political change. They managed to gain control of several state
legislatures and to enact state laws which regulated railroads. 3. How did farmers' cooperatives help individual farmers?A farmer cooperative can serve one or more functions including but not limited to providing loans to farmers, supplying information pertinent to agricultural production, selling inputs necessary to agricultural production, bargaining on behalf of its members, providing transportation services, and marketing 4. What were the main goals of the Populist Party? The party adopted a platform calling for free coinage of silver, abolition of national banks, a subtreasury scheme or some similar system, a graduated income tax, plenty of paper money, government ownership of all forms of transportation and communication, election of Senators by direct vote of the people, nonownership 5. How did the Populists play a role in the presidential election of 1896? They joined with the Democrats to support William Jennings Bryan

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