Unit 9U.S History1. Write the correct key term in the blank preceding each definition.a. missionaries : People who attempt to spread their religious beliefs to others, often by establishing schools, working with the poor, and other acts of charity.b. imperialism : The policy by which a nation increases its power by taking over land in another part of the world or by taking over other countries.c. "white man's burden" : The idea that white people had a responsibility to rule over nonwhites and teach them white culture. This would supposedly be for the good of the nonwhite populations. This idea came from the belief that nonwhites were inferior.d. "scramble for Africa" : The taking of African territory by European nations in the late 1800s and early 1900s. By agreeing to divide the continent among them, European countries hoped to avoid war with one another.e. Berlin Conference: A meeting held by the most powerful nations in Europe in 1884 to decide how to divide up Africa.f. nationalism : The belief that a nation is defined by a shared language, culture, or set of beliefs.It also involves a pride in one's country.2. How did nationalism and imperialism go together as powerful ideas in the early 20th century?In the 1800s, European countries saw the rise of nationalism, which means "a great pride in one's country." Imperialism was seen as a way to show the world how great a nation was.3. What benefit were colonies supposed to have for the nations who had them?People in Western Europe saw the establishment of foreign colonies as a way to increase their economic power. This created tension in Europe and North America, as powerful nations competed for territory all over the world.4. Explain the civilizing mission of Westerners.Westerners believed that it was their duty to spread Christianity and the ideas of Western civilization to other cultures.5. Explain social Darwinism. Social Darwinism led people to believe that some people were naturally better than others. This gave them the idea that it was good to colonize and exploit others.6. What unintended consequences did the dividing up of Africa by the Berlin Conference have for future African nations?The division of Africa into countries made no sense in terms of language or culture and made it difficult for these countries during and after colonial times.7. How were the British and French different in their colonial approach?The British believed in
leaving native cultures alone and preparing their colonies for future independence. The French, who believed that the colonies should always be part of France, tried to teach everyone French language and culture.The Pan-African Congress1. Write the correct key term in the blank preceding each definition.a. diaspora : When a group of people either willingly or unwillingly moves, migrates, or is scattered away from their ancestral homeland. A diaspora is also the worldwide community of people resulting from relocating to new countries.