Wk10FinalProjHollimanD.(SOCW6111).docx - 1 Week 10 Final...

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1 Week 10 Final Project Adolescents and Depression Druscilla Holliman February 2, 2021
2 Population and Presenting Problem Adolescence is a period characterized by multiple challenges and disruptions set at ages 13-18 years old. In addition, historically this has been a time period and remains yet today in society a period of time that causes significant risk to their health and well-being. With the constant changes around them a shift in their thinking happens then biologically and psychologically they begin to think more abstractly, but struggle with the skills and experiences needed to adjust to those changes. As a result, they begin to experience new problems with mental illnesses, more specifically depression. Depression is common but often unrecognized in adolescents (Thapar, Collishaw, Pine, & Thapar, 2012). Depression is a mental health condition that is associated with high-level stress and how it affects how one thinks. According to a recent nationally representative survey across the United States, 20% of adolescents will experience a mental disorder in their lifetime that will impact their ability to function (Merikangas et al., 2010). The focus for those interested in adolescent interventions in the area of mental health should be focused on evidence-based practices that promote positive development and reduce risky behaviors. Implementing effective prevention and intervention strategies can help with early detection and are crucial to preventing self-harming behaviors. Therefore, a key component to preventing teen depression and suicide is for professionals, parents/guardians, teachers, other supportive adults (e.g., coaches, religious youth group advisors, after school program leaders), and youth to remain aware of such warning signs and risk factors and to appropriately intervene when necessary (King & Vidourek, 2012). Depressive disorders include disruptive mood, dysregulation disorder, major depressive disorder (including major depressive episode), persistent depressive disorder (dysthymia), premenstrual dysphoric disorder, substance/medication-induced depressive disorder, depressive disorder due to another medical condition, other specified depressive disorder, and unspecified
3 depressive disorder (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). Depression and suicide continue to claim a sizeable amount of youth despite intervention efforts. In order for adolescents to feel a positive sense of well-being, they must learn to cope with negative emotions. An important skill in working with adolescents is being able to identify common developmental concerns, issues needing closer observation, and developmental observations requiring attention (Holosko, Dulmus, & Sower, 2013). Adolescence is a significant time in which major mental disorders begin and if left untreated they begin to engage in risky behavior and are exposed to social conditions that impact their development. To address the problem behaviors and clinical disorders so many adolescents

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