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Industrial Revolution - The Industrial Revolution...

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Unformatted text preview: The Industrial Revolution Introduction "First" Industrial Revolution, 1800-1850 Adaptation of Steam Engine Mechanization of Textile Making Iron industry Transportations "Second" Industrial Revolution, 1850-1900 New forms of energy New industries First Industrial Revolution, 1800-1850 Preconditions Growth of Population Europe: 1800 - 190 million people 1870 - 290 million people 1914 - 435 million people Intensive Agricultural Techniques Fertilizers Increase of Agricultural Productivity Larger farms Cottage industry and crafts Regional specialization Agricultural Revolution Proto-industrialization Availability of Capital and Markets "First" Industrial Revolution, 18001850 English Industrial Leadership Mechanization of Cotton manufacturing Flying Shuttle; Spinning Jenny; Water Frames Steam Engine Productivity increase Tool and machine making industries Iron Industry Industrialization spreads to Europe and North America Flying Shuttle Hand Operated Loom Thomas Newcomen's Steam Engine Iron Industry, ca 1860 Social Implication of Early Industrialization Mechanized Factories vs. Traditional Manufacturing Forms Popular protest Luddism Rapid Urbanization Social (Territorial) Segregation Crime Prostitution Child Labor Poor Working and Living Conditions Child Labor Early Industrial City Industrial London Living Conditions Emergence of Labor Movement and Socialism Chartism Utopian Socialism Saint Simon Marx Scientific Socialism "Class Struggle" Hegel's dialectic K. Marx Workers' Movement ...
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