Yugoslavia - Elizabeth Mueller Diplo 1711 AA Dr. Domenic...

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Elizabeth Mueller Diplo 1711 AA Dr. Domenic Maffei 22 November 2007 Introduction The former state of Yugoslavia was created as a constitutional monarchy at the end of World War I in 1918. The kingdom was renamed from the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes to Yugoslavia, meaning “land of the South Slavs,” in 1929. This Yugoslavia was destroyed by the Axis powers during World War II. In 1945 it was resurrected as a federal republic by the Partisans, anti-Axis communist. Josip Broz Tito was the leader and founder of the Partisans. He modeled the new Yugoslavia after the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), with a dictatorial central government and a state-controlled economy, but Tito broke with the USSR in 1948. This break led to relatively open and free society, looser controls on economics, and an international leadership role for nonaligned nations during the Cold War. Though Yugoslavia’s problems were many its ultimate downfall was brought on by economic failure that sparked the underlying ethnic tensions into civil war. Yugoslavia Many problems stemmed from Yugoslavia’s ethic diversity. The second Yugoslavia, ruled by Tito, consisted of six republics: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, and Slovenia. There were also two autonomous provinces within the republic of Serbia: Vojvodina and Kosovo. In an official census from 1991, “Serbs made up 36 % of the total population, Croats 20 %, Muslim Slavs 10
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%, Albanians 9 %, Slovenes 8 %, Macedonian Slavs 6 %, ‘Yugoslavs’ 3% Montenegrins 2 %, and Hungarians 2%” (Yugoslavia 2). There were three official languages in Yugoslavia: Serbo-Croatian, Slovenian, and Macedonian. The largest ethnic difference however was religion. The Serbs, Macedonian Slavs, and Montenegrins were Orthodox Christians; the Croats and Slovenes were Roman Catholics; and the Muslim Slavs and Albanians were Sunni Muslims. Religion also determined what alphabet people used.
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course DIPL 1711 taught by Professor Maffei during the Fall '07 term at Seton Hall.

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Yugoslavia - Elizabeth Mueller Diplo 1711 AA Dr. Domenic...

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