Lecture 9 Russia

Lecture 9 Russia - Lecture 9 Russia I. Historical...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Lecture 9 Russia I. Historical development Russian Revolution and the founding of Soviet Russia ( Soviet Federated Socialist Republic ) in 1917 Founding father: V. Lenin USSR (Union of Soviet Socialist Republic) established 1922 1924-1953: Ruthless rule of Stalin 1953-1964: Khrushchev and De-Stalinization (relaxation of repressive internal politics) 1964-1982: Stagnation, renewed interest in Stalinism, and aggressive foreign policy under Brezhnev 1979 USSR invades Afghanistan and sets up puppet gov. 1982-1985: “Pathocracy” – Andropov (1982-84) , Chernenko (1984-85) 1985-1991: Gorbachev and reformation; collapse of USSR II. Institutional structure of USSR : 1. Party dominance (all power was centralized in the Party): General Secretary (ruler of the Soviet state) Politburo (<15; responsible for national policy decisions) Secretariat (control over the Party organization) Central Committee (>300; ratifying important policies) Party Congress (5000 rep; legitimizing party leadership and party line) 2. Party-state dualism (legislative and executive branches paralleled the party structure) Nomenklatura system (the system in which the Party controls all important administrative appointments) including university presidents and academic scholars/scientists Legislative branch: Supreme Soviet (headed by the presidium chaired by the president of the Soviet state). Note the difference between the president of USSR and the General Party Secretary officially the president of state and party secretary were different. Executive branch: Council of Ministers chaired by the premier 3. Pseudo-Federalism 15 republics ( within Russian Federation, autonomous republics and oblasts ) 1
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
III. Gorbachev Reformation: Why did it fail? 1) Background: stagnated economy, declining quality of life, and worsening social
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course DIPL 1101 taught by Professor Huang during the Fall '07 term at Seton Hall.

Page1 / 5

Lecture 9 Russia - Lecture 9 Russia I. Historical...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online