Lecture 11 Middle East

Lecture 11 Middle - Lecture 11 Middle East I Background information 1 Geography Map of Middle East Maghreb countries of North Africa Near East

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Lecture 11 Middle East I. Background information 1. Geography Map of Middle East. -- Maghreb: countries of North Africa -- Near East: Israel, Lebanon, Jordan, Syria, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, and the Persian Gulf ministates -- Northern Tier: Turkey and Iran (along with Afghanistan) -- Fertile Crescent countries: Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq, and Israel 2. Strategic importance 1) Location : the crossroads of Europe, Africa, and Asia; proximity to international waterways and “choke points” (the Suez Canal, the Straits of Hormuz, and Turkish Straits) Suez Canal decreased in importance due to global warming because the melting of polar ice caps would 2) Resources : Oil ; the role of OPEC (Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries) in overseeing world oil prices and controlling production. Oil as weapons in 1973 War between Arab countries and Israel. The Arab countries angry with U.S. over support of Israel founded OPEC and raise gas prices Figure: Share of World Petroleum Reserves - OPEC claims the largest amount of oil reserves in the world 80% - Compare that to the U.S. at 2% and the rest of the world at 18% - The U.S. however consumes 25% of the worlds oil and OPEC 8% - The production of oil is 41% in OPEC and 9% in the U.S. 3. People. Three major groupings: Semites (Arabs and the Jews), Turks, and Indo- Europeans (Aryans in Iran). Discussion: What about Bedouins and Kurds? Note that almost all Bedouins are Muslims who speak Arabic, b ut Kurds are not Arabs, even though most are Muslims . -If you are Arab, you are most likely Muslim
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course DIPL 1101 taught by Professor Huang during the Fall '07 term at Seton Hall.

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Lecture 11 Middle - Lecture 11 Middle East I Background information 1 Geography Map of Middle East Maghreb countries of North Africa Near East

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