Lecture 14 China

Lecture 14 China - Lecture 14 China I. Overview 1. Land and...

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Lecture 14 China I. Overview 1. Land and People Land: the third largest country in the world People: Han the largest ethnic group (94%); 55 ethnic minorities located in strategically sensitive zones – 22 autonomous regions Population: the largest in the world; 1.3 billion 2. History 1) One of the most ancient and continuous civilization in the world; recorded history about 3,000 years old 2) Confucianism the state ideology 3) Qing dynasty (1644-1911): the last imperial dynasty; the extension of control to Tibet, Taiwan, and Xinjiang (East Turkistan) 4) The decline and final collapse of imperial order - Internal pressures (population pressures; the spread of corruption; weak rulers; the spread of social unrest) - External challenges: foreign invasion Opium war of 1839-42; Sino-Japanese War (1894-5) - Dr. Sun Yat-sen and the 1911 Revolution. The end of imperial rule - domestic turmoil: warlordism; civil war between KMT (Nationalist Party) and Chinese Communist Party (CCP) - Mao Zedong and the founding of the People’s Republic of China in 1949 II. China under Mao 1. Great Leap Forward- GLF (1958-1961): Attempt launched by Mao Zedong to heighten economic productivity dramatically in China through mass organization and the inspiration of revolutionary fervor among the people. Exaggerated reports of the success of policies temporarily masked the actual economic disaster and widespread famine brought by the Great Leap 1 Why GLF? -
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Lecture 14 China - Lecture 14 China I. Overview 1. Land and...

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