{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

Lecture 17 Humanitarian intervention

Lecture 17 Humanitarian intervention - Lecture 17...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Lecture 17 Humanitarian Intervention I. Concepts 1. Humanitarian intervention: “a coercive action by an outside government or an authorized agent directed toward or within another State, in order to alleviate or avoid a mass humanitarian crisis.” 2. Instruments : 1) the use of force, 2) economic sanctions, and 3) international criminal prosecution Inherent tension between: Traditional commitment to state sovereignty vs. the growing commitment to the protection of basic human rights. A confrontation between two important values clusters: -- Treaty of Westphalia of 1648: the principle of state sovereignty, non-recourse to violence, the legal equality of states and respect for differing cultural traditions within countries -- Hugo Grotius (1625): “right vested in human society” to intervene in the event that a tyrant “should inflict upon his subjects such treatment as no one is warranted to inflict.” II. Evolution of humanitarian intervention 1. Post-WWII efforts to find a judicial standard to deal with war crimes and crimes against humanity - the Nuremberg and Tokyo trials; the conviction of the conflict’s instigators for war crimes, crimes against peace and against humanity itself - the UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948 (the first time human rights and fundamental freedoms were set forth in such a detail.) - the genocide convention of 1948. - The Helsinki Accords (the Final Act of the Conference on Security and Cooperation) in 1975, which obligated the 35 signatory nations to observe certain stated human rights - The Anti-Torture Convention of 1988 2. The commitment to state sovereignty prior to the 1990s The main context of self-determination was associated with the dynamics of decolonization . - During the Cold War, no support for claims of self-determination that would shatter an existing state unless a “people” was being victimized either by genocidal behavior or through repeated crimes against humanity, 1
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
and in exceptional cases, as a result of severe abuses of basic human rights targeted at a given ethnic community and sustained over a period of years; - 1970 UN General Assembly Declaration of Principles of International Law Concerning Friendly Relations among States: consigning restive minority people to existing regime in exchange for an agreed principle of order that recognized the primacy of the sovereign state within its own territory.
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Page1 / 5

Lecture 17 Humanitarian intervention - Lecture 17...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon bookmark
Ask a homework question - tutors are online