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The Terrible Decade1850-1860I.Uncle Tom’s Cabin(1852)II.Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854)III. Bleeding Kansas (1854-1861)IV. Brooks-Sumner Affair (1856)V.Dred Scott Decision (1857)VI. Lincoln-Douglas Debates (1858)-At this time, Abraham Lincoln was a nobody still; he wins the Republican nomination for the senate seat-Douglas has the current seat, and he’s already going strong, so he doesn’t feel like he needs to debate•As Douglas went around giving speeches and gathering huge crowds, Lincoln followed him around and ran up on stage immediately after Douglas was done, so he could get a say•Douglas was annoyed and Lincoln said he would stop if Douglas debated himVII. John Brown’s Raid on Harper’s Ferry, VA (1859)VIII. The Election of 1860-Candidates and platforms•Senator Stephen A. DouglasoDouglas Democrats; strongly favor popular sovereignty and Union •VP John C. BreckinridgeoSouthern Democrats; congressional protection of slavery in territories (make Dred Scott decision a law), and to acquire Cuba (fertile land)•Senator (former) John BelloConstitutional Unionists; middle of the road party in both political ideology and geography; didn’t have much of a real platform but were made up of older politicians; very moderate; preserve the Union and accept Dred Scott decision•Representative (former) Abraham Lincoln oRepublicans; 100% opposition to the spread of slavery and preserve the Union; he took the stance on the issue with which the majority of the people agreed with; lowest popular vote, but won the election
-Significance: when the election results came in, knowing how fractured the country is at the time and how the south feels scared and threatened, the deep south was convinced to leave the Union; South Caroline is first on Dec 20, 1860-First Wave of Secession (1860-1861)-Crittenden Compromise -Washington Peace Conference (1861)