final - Brazil Brazilian Political History Colonization and...

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Brazil Brazilian Political History Colonization and Independence o Colonized roughly in 1500 by Portugal o 1822-Peacefully gains independance, with Dom Pedro I as monarch,  Portugal can’t really stop it from breaking away o Suceeded by Dom Pedro II, reigning from 1840-1889 at the end of his  reign, the monarchy is obliterated o A plantation economy The “Old Republic” o Becomes a monarch-less republic in 1889 o Several Institutions of a functioning democracy, elections, alternating  parties in power, genuine contests over outcomes o But in practice, power controlled by local elites, plantation owners, and  economic oligarchs o Slavery formerly ablolished in 1889, but country remains agrarian,  largely illiterate, segregate society Power in the “Old Republic” o Government faces occasional military revolts o Dramatic demographic changes, largely because of immigration from  Portugal, Italy, Spain and Japan o Use of “coronelismo”, granting of extensive legal and political authority  to local elites, on whom the government depends for support o Badly fractured and decentralized government o Low capacity o This becomes known as more conventional “clientelism” in urban areas o Provisions of power and authority to local governors and to the military The revolution
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o 1930-effects of Great Depression felt widely o Broad dissatisfaction with central government due to corruption and  due to how few jobs are available o The rise of Getulio Vargas Vargas and the Early 1930’s o Wipes out Quasi-democratic government o Beings his reign working to eradicate popular dissent o Pushes for new industricialization path based on heavy central control o Provides economic rights especially to supporters o Emphasizes paternalistic nature of concessions to possible support  bases Offering support to those who support him Creation of exculsive benefits for groups of supporters Paternalistic=telling people what to do, if they don’t do it, you  stop taking care of them 1937 Estado Novo (The New State) o Increase in central authority o Creation of symbols of national identity and cultural community Odd because there is a lot of regional differences o Low level of legitimacy for parties and congress De-institutionalising the republic and basing power on himself— effort to expand central authority is similar to that in Russia o Populism He represents the people Adopting “common man” attitude
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“Us” together, “We” need to work together “Father of the people “Your rights won’t feed you, they aren’t beneficial,  supporting me is beneficial” The Postwar Years o
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