final - Brazil Brazilian Political History Colonization and...

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Unformatted text preview: Brazil Brazilian Political History Colonization and Independence o Colonized roughly in 1500 by Portugal o 1822-Peacefully gains independance, with Dom Pedro I as monarch, Portugal cant really stop it from breaking away o Suceeded by Dom Pedro II, reigning from 1840-1889 at the end of his reign, the monarchy is obliterated o A plantation economy The Old Republic o Becomes a monarch-less republic in 1889 o Several Institutions of a functioning democracy, elections, alternating parties in power, genuine contests over outcomes o But in practice, power controlled by local elites, plantation owners, and economic oligarchs o Slavery formerly ablolished in 1889, but country remains agrarian, largely illiterate, segregate society Power in the Old Republic o Government faces occasional military revolts o Dramatic demographic changes, largely because of immigration from Portugal, Italy, Spain and Japan o Use of coronelismo, granting of extensive legal and political authority to local elites, on whom the government depends for support o Badly fractured and decentralized government o Low capacity o This becomes known as more conventional clientelism in urban areas o Provisions of power and authority to local governors and to the military The revolution o 1930-effects of Great Depression felt widely o Broad dissatisfaction with central government due to corruption and due to how few jobs are available o The rise of Getulio Vargas Vargas and the Early 1930s o Wipes out Quasi-democratic government o Beings his reign working to eradicate popular dissent o Pushes for new industricialization path based on heavy central control o Provides economic rights especially to supporters o Emphasizes paternalistic nature of concessions to possible support bases Offering support to those who support him Creation of exculsive benefits for groups of supporters Paternalistic=telling people what to do, if they dont do it, you stop taking care of them 1937 Estado Novo (The New State) o Increase in central authority o Creation of symbols of national identity and cultural community Odd because there is a lot of regional differences o Low level of legitimacy for parties and congress De-institutionalising the republic and basing power on himself effort to expand central authority is similar to that in Russia o Populism He represents the people Adopting common man attitude Us together, We need to work together Father of the people Your rights wont feed you, they arent beneficial, supporting me is beneficial The Postwar Years...
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final - Brazil Brazilian Political History Colonization and...

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