Chapter 8 Notes_Group Dynamics and Work Teams

Chapter 8 Notes_Group Dynamics and Work Teams - Chapter 8...

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Chapter 8 Notes: Group Dynamics and Work Teams Group Dynamics social science field focusing on the nature of groups—the factos governing their formation and development, the elements of their structure, and their interrelationships with individuals, other groups, and organizations, Groups at Work: Their Basic Nature WHAT IS A GROUP? A collection of two or more interacting individuals who maintain stable patterns of relationships, share common goals, and perceive themselves as being a group. Social Interaction Group is composed of two or more people in social interaction Members must have some influence on one another o It can be verbal/nonverbal (exchanging smiles) Stability They must have a stable structure There must be some stable relationships that keep group members together and functioning as a unit Common Interest or goals Recognition as Being in a Group They are composed of people who recognize each other as a member of their group and can distinguish these individuals from nonmembers Types of Groups FORMAL GROUPS Groups that are created by the organization, intentionally designed to direct its members toward some organizational goal Command Group a group determined by the connections between individuals who are a formal part of the organization (i.e., those who legitimately can give orders to others o Are determined by organization’s rules regarding who reports to whom o Consist of a supervisor and his/her subordinates Task Group a formal organizational group formed around a specific task o May be composed of people with some special interest or expertise in a specific area regardless of their positions in organizational hierarchy Standing Committees committees that are permanent, existing over time Ad hoc Committee (task force) a temporary committee formed for a special purpose INFORMAL GROUPS Groups that develop naturally among people, without any direction from the organization within which they operate o There is a common interest shared by its members Interest groups a group of employees who come together to satisfy a common interest o Membership is voluntary o Not created by the organization, but encouraged by an expression of common interests Friendship groups informal groups that develop because their members are friends, often seeing each other outside the organization
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Reasons for Joining Groups To satisfy mutual interests o By bonding together people can satisfy mutual goals To achieve security o Groups provide safety in numbers, protection against common enemies To fill social needs o Being in groups helps satisfy people’s basic need to be with others To fill need for self-esteem o Provides opportunities for people to be recognized The Five-Stage Model of Group Formation the conceptualization claiming that groups develop in five stages o Stage 1: Forming
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Chapter 8 Notes_Group Dynamics and Work Teams - Chapter 8...

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