Anxiety and Stress Disorders.docx - Abnormal Psychology...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 8 pages.

Abnormal Psychology Anxiety and Stress Disorders General Outline for Presenting Disorders o Symptoms (Sx) o Differential Diagnosis (Dif. Dx) How can you tell the difference between disorders that share symptoms? o Epidemiology (Frequency and distribution) How common is this disorder? What are the groups most likely to have it? Helps Identify the risk population o Etiology (Origin) Where does this disorder come from? o Treatment (Tx) *Many disorders are co-morbid; Have more than 1 diagnosis (anxiety and panic attacks)* Anxiety Disorders OCD: Obsessive Compulsive Disorder o Obsession: intrusive, uncontrollable, persistent thoughts or images Thoughts that cause anxiety Ego-dystonic Foreign to the self Can separate the person from the disorder o Compulsion: behavioral reaction to an obsession, intended to reduce anxiety Something that temporarily relieves the anxiety Thought or behavior Self-defeating cycle Ego-Dystonic o OCD-Sx Most common patterns Obsession of contamination- compulsive washing Obsession of doubt- compulsive checking o Ex: Some constantly checks to make sure they locked the door Clinically Significant More Distress More Impairment (social/occupational roles)
More Duration (greater than 1 hour per day) Mental rituals as compulsions o OCD-Dif. Dx Minimal relation to OCPD Ego-syntonic o Can’t separate the person from the disorder (sociopathy) Personal standards vs. doom Not distressed Co-occurs with depression (secondary) o OCD-Epi Lifetime prevalence: 1.6% of population 1.2% 12-month prevalence Mean onset: 19 Males-Females about equal (55% F) Males earlier onset Races equal Less likely to be married 40% seek treatment o OCD-Etiology *Diathesis Stress Model: Underlying predispositions (biological, genetic, etc) and environmental stressors cause disorders (both have to be present)* Genetic Factors (Billet et al.) Identical Twins (MZ): 68% o Share 100% of their DNA o 68% chance of one twin getting the disorder if the other twin has it Fraternal Twins (DZ): 31% o Share 50% of their DNA o 31% chance of one twin getting the disorder if the other twin has it Serotonin 50% respond to SSRI’s Connection in dogs (Rapapport et al, 1992) o Exp: Dogs were given serotonin uptake inhibitors, took two weeks to go into the system and work which was the same as

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture