P284_Jan 18_Studying politics in a scientific way II

P284_Jan 18_Studying politics in a scientific way II - Two...

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11 Studying Politics Scientifically II January 18, 2008 Political Research and Analysis
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22 What is science? n A set of logical, systematic, empirical, objective & documented methods for investigating the world Ø The content of science is primarily the methods rather than the subject matter. Ø We can use these methods to study anything.
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33 Five Key Characteristics of Scientific Knowledge n It must be transmissible (the procedures are public) n It should be general (applicable to many cases). n It is explanatory (should be derived logically). n It is tentative. n It must be subject to empirical verification.
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44 Is knowledge only obtained through the scientific process? There are different ways to “know” things: n Casual observation n Intuition n Belief n Common sense Scientific knowledge has the aforementioned 5 characteristics that these other types of knowledge do not completely share.
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55 How to acquire scientific knowledge?
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Unformatted text preview: Two primary modes of scientific inquiry n Induction the process of reasoning from specific observation to general principle or theory. Observation precedes theory. n Deduction the process of proceeding from general principle or theory to specific observations. 66 The deductive/inductive circle Ideas: What we think Theory Induction Deduction Data Reality: What we observe 77 Research Design 88 n A plan that shows how the researcher intends to study an empirical question n A plan for guiding the researcher in the process of collecting, analyzing, and interpreting observations. What is a research design? 99 Major components of a research design According to KKV*, n The research question n The theory n The data n The use of the data * KKVGary King, Robert Keohane, & Sidney Verbas Designing Social Inquiry ....
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P284_Jan 18_Studying politics in a scientific way II - Two...

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