Emotion Part 1 _Bryant Fall 07_

Emotion Part 1 _Bryant Fall 07_ - Lecture Outline Emotion...

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Lecture Outline Emotion – Part 1 Theories of emotion Are there universal basic emotions? Neuropsychology of emotion Happiness
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Greenfield Intro to Emotion
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Emotion Emotion is an elusive concept, difficult to define and measure. Emotions are generally considered to have three dimensions: Physiological arousal Subjective experience Expressive reaction Including microexpressions
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Greenfield Thought and Emotion
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Physiological Arousal Recognized long ago to be a key component of emotion James-Lange theory (1884) Plays key role in the mechanisms by which stress causes physical symptoms (Stress will be addressed in the next lecture.)
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The James-Lange Theory Event Actions (Physiological & behavioral responses) Interpret actions Emotion Arousal precedes and drives the subjective experience of emotion.
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Evidence for the Key Role of Arousal Accidental cutting of the spinal cord greatly reduces emotional reactions (prevents visceral signals from reaching the brain). Inducing people to adopt the postures and facial positions associated with certain emotions leads them to feel the emotion. Even when subjects are not aware that emotions are being studied in the experiment.
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Theories of Emotion: Cognitive Theory Emotion Event Physiological arousal Interpretation Based on context
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Cognitive Components of Emotion Schachter and Singer (1962): Cognitive judgments are a critical part of the interpretations that lead to different emotional experiences. Classic experiment: Subjects are aroused by an injection of epinephrine and then exposed to anger or happiness cues.
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The Schacter-Singer Experiment Participants were told they are receiving a vitamin supplement in a study of the effect of the supplement on vision. They actually received epinephrine.
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The Schacter-Singer Experiment Half of the subjects wait with “manic” confederates. Half of the subjects wait with “angry” confederates.
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The Schacter-Singer Experiment “I feel happy.” “I feel angry.” The subject's emotional response to elevated arousal depended on the context.
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Emotional Expressions The function of emotional expressions in all primates is communication. Emotional expressions are much more likely to occur in the presence of other people. Emotional expressions are more likely to indicate a person’s true internal state than simple statements and other indicators.
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The Range of Emotions Many psychologists have argued that there are 6 universal basic emotional states: Happy Angry Sad Surprise Disgust Fear Psychologists agree that for an emotion to be basic, it
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Emotion Part 1 _Bryant Fall 07_ - Lecture Outline Emotion...

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