Leininger's Care Model and Watson's theory.docx - 1 Case...

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1 Case studies: Leininger’s Care Model and Watson’s Theory Authors’ Name: Institutional Affiliations: Instructors’ Name: Due Date
2 Case studies: Leininger’s Care Model and Watson’s Theory Leininger, a theorist, designed a theory known as Leininger's Culture Care Theory, which contributes significantly to the current health care approach. The theory reveals that cognitively based supportive, facilitative, and assistive decisions are crucial elements in the delivery of culturally congruent health care (McFarland, 2019). The theory approach suggests that nurses need to consider and integrate the patient's culture into the creation of their intervention care plan. According to Wehbe-Alamah (2018), understanding and integrating patients’ cultural beliefs to the intervention implies that the care providers will be in a position to offer their best care services. Therefore, this write-up aims at exploring the influence of Leininger’s Care Model and Watson’s Theory Case studies on the care model used and adopted by healthcare providers. Case study 1 Leininger’s Cultural Care Model: factors to consider when planning for the patient’s discharge Leininger's model provides an essential ground where nurses and the care providers can design and implement transcultural nursing, a necessary concept in delivering optimal care to the patient. Transcultural nursing aims at considering patients or community cultural beliefs, practices, and values as well as comparative cultural care that may influence the individual perception of care. In summary, the model forms the bases in which healthcare providers are able to deliver cultural-specific and universal nursing care for optimal health and well-being of the patients. The first case study (Mrs. Franklin case) shows that the concerned nurse has to better understand the patient's cultural background to better grip on her beliefs and values, thus
3 designing the appropriate intervention plan. From the narration of patient history, it is evident that Mrs. Franklin comes from Jamaica. Also, her favorite drink is the bush tea, which the patient believes is a crucial element in regulating her pressure. Therefore, the nurse has to evaluate whether the bush tea harms patient medication, which could delay or affect her pressure level or health recovery. Besides, it's evident that despite the patient having a severe health problem, she confirms that she cannot take her medication regularly as sometimes she does forget to take them. This reveals that the patient's perception of the medication and bad pressure is wrong and lacks a proper understanding of her current state and its remedy (Clark, 2016). The fact that Mrs. Franklin admits that her mother died of pressure should stir her up to take her medication at the right time, eat healthy food, and acquire enough rest for the betterment of her body.

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