American History Exam Review sheet - History Exam Review...

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History Exam Review sheetFerdinand Magellan-1stto sail around the worldConquistadores- Spanish word for conquerors, explorers by landHernando Cortes- conquistadore who defeated the Aztecs in MexicoPonce de Leon- conquistadore who explored FL for the fountain of youthSir Francis Drake- steals Spanish gold w/ his crew the “Sea Dogs”Spanish Armada- ship Sir Francis Drake destroysSir Walter Raleigh- funds 1stEnglish colony the “Lost Colony”Joint stock company- partners invest in New World w/o dangerJamestown- 1stEnglish settlementJohn Smith- soldier saves colony w/ discipline (2 Thess. 3:10- no work, no food)Types of colonies:Proprietary-controlled by private managers,royal- controlled by the king,charter- controlled by trade companiesSeparatists- leave church of England (too corrupt)Puritans- clean up church (worth saving)Mayflower compact- 1stdocument of self governmentGreat Migration- (1630s) 50,000 Puritans arrived in coloniesHarvard- 1stcollegeFund. Orders of Conn.- 1stwritten ConstitutionAntinomianism- Anne Hutchinson, founder of N. Hampshire, the way you live doesn’taffect salvationHenry Hudson- explorer claims N. York land for Dutch while looking for route to ChinaWilliam Penn- founder of PennslyvaniaQuakers- tolerant of other beliefs, a “spark” of God in every personPhiladelphia- “city of brotherly love”Conestoga wagons- wagons that won the west, built by Penn. DutchLog cabins- style of Delaware homesEvents of 1619 (VA)-House of Burgesses (1stRep. Gov.), martial law lifted, slavesarrive, women arriveIndentured servants- work for trip cost and landMaryland- Founded by Lord Baltimore (James Calvert) as a haven for the CatholicsCharleston- main seaport of S. CarolinaJames Oglethorpe- founder of GeorgiaEmerging American colonies- 1)isolation developed independence, 2)reflected Englishheritage, 3)built homes, churches, schools, 4)sense of hopeGreat Wagon Road- main trail in America when colonies were foundedThree R’s- reading, ‘riting, ‘rithmeticSubsistence farming- main occupation in AmericaPoor Richard’s Almanac- author Ben FranklinCovenant- (Puritans) to live by God’s rules (as interpreted by Puritan church leaders)Polity-system for church controlHalfway covenant- allowed non Christians to have full church membership (Puritan)Salem witch trials- revealed Puritan church control issues (Abigail accuses people ofwitchcraft, resulting in several hangings)Roman Catholics- most feared group that grew mainly after the 1840s
Amish- Anabaptists that wanted to preserve the old waysMoravians- missionary work w/ Indians

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Term
Fall
Professor
Kinsey

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