American History Exam Review sheet - History Exam Review sheet Ferdinand Magellan 1st to sail around the world Conquistadores Spanish word for

American History Exam Review sheet - History Exam Review...

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History Exam Review sheet Ferdinand Magellan - 1 st to sail around the world Conquistadores - Spanish word for conquerors, explorers by land Hernando Cortes - conquistadore who defeated the Aztecs in Mexico Ponce de Leon - conquistadore who explored FL for the fountain of youth Sir Francis Drake - steals Spanish gold w/ his crew the “Sea Dogs” Spanish Armada - ship Sir Francis Drake destroys Sir Walter Raleigh - funds 1 st English colony the “Lost Colony” Joint stock company - partners invest in New World w/o danger Jamestown - 1 st English settlement John Smith - soldier saves colony w/ discipline (2 Thess. 3:10- no work, no food) Types of colonies : Proprietary- controlled by private managers, royal - controlled by the king, charter - controlled by trade companies Separatists - leave church of England (too corrupt) Puritans - clean up church (worth saving) Mayflower compact - 1 st document of self government Great Migration - (1630s) 50,000 Puritans arrived in colonies Harvard - 1 st college Fund. Orders of Conn .- 1 st written Constitution Antinomianism - Anne Hutchinson, founder of N. Hampshire, the way you live doesn’t affect salvation Henry Hudson - explorer claims N. York land for Dutch while looking for route to China William Penn - founder of Pennslyvania Quakers - tolerant of other beliefs, a “spark” of God in every person Philadelphia - “city of brotherly love” Conestoga wagons - wagons that won the west, built by Penn. Dutch Log cabins - style of Delaware homes Events of 1619 (VA)- House of Burgesses (1 st Rep. Gov.), martial law lifted, slaves arrive, women arrive Indentured servants - work for trip cost and land Maryland - Founded by Lord Baltimore (James Calvert) as a haven for the Catholics Charleston - main seaport of S. Carolina James Oglethorpe - founder of Georgia Emerging American colonies - 1)isolation developed independence, 2)reflected English heritage, 3)built homes, churches, schools, 4)sense of hope Great Wagon Road - main trail in America when colonies were founded Three R’s - reading, ‘riting, ‘rithmetic Subsistence farming - main occupation in America Poor Richard’s Almanac - author Ben Franklin Covenant - (Puritans) to live by God’s rules (as interpreted by Puritan church leaders) Polity- system for church control Halfway covenant - allowed non Christians to have full church membership (Puritan) Salem witch trials - revealed Puritan church control issues (Abigail accuses people of witchcraft, resulting in several hangings) Roman Catholics - most feared group that grew mainly after the 1840s
Amish - Anabaptists that wanted to preserve the old ways Moravians - missionary work w/ Indians

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