Howard Zinn - A People's History of the United States_ 1492 to Present (2005, Harper Perennial Moder

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A PEOPLE'S HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES1492-PRESENTBy HOWARD ZINN1 COLUMBUS, THE INDIANS, AND HUMAN PROGRESS2 DRAWING THE COLOR LINE3 PERSONS OF MEAN AND VILE CONDITION4 TYRANNY IS TYRANNY5 A KIND OF REVOLUTION6 THE INTIMATELY OPPRESSED7 AS LONG AS GRASS GROWS OR WATER RUNS8 WE TAKE NOTHING BY CONQUEST, THANK GOD9 SLAVERY WITHOUT SUBMISSION, EMANCIPATION WITHOUT FREEDOM10 THE OTHER CIVIL WAR11 ROBBER BARONS AND REBELS12 THE EMPIRE AND THE PEOPLE13 THE SOCIALIST CHALLENGE14 WAR IS THE HEALTH OF THE STATE15 SELF-HELP IN HARD TIMES16 A PEOPLE'S WAR?17 "OR DOES IT EXPLODE?"18 THE IMPOSSIBLE VICTORY: VIETNAM19 SURPRISES20 THE SEVENTIES: UNDER CONTROL?21 CARTER-REAGAN-BUSH; THE BIPARTISAN CONSENSUS22 THE UNREPORTED RESISTANCE23 THE CLINTON PRESIDENCY AND THE CRISIS OF DEMOCRACY24 THE COMING REVOLT OF THE GUARDSAFTERWORDBIBLIOGRAPHY
1 COLUMBUS, THE INDIANS, AND HUMAN PROGRESSArawak men and women, naked, tawny, and full of wonder, emerged from their villages onto theisland's beaches and swam out to get a closer look at the strange big boat. When Columbus and hissailors came ashore, carrying swords, speaking oddly, the Arawaks ran to greet them, brought themfood, water, gifts. He later wrote of this in his log:They ... brought us parrots and balls of cotton and spears and many other things, which theyexchanged for the glass beads and hawks' bells. They willingly traded everything they owned... .They were well-built, with good bodies and handsome features....They do not bear arms, and donot know them, for I showed them a sword, they took it by the edge and cut themselves out ofignorance. They have no iron. Their spears are made of cane... . They would make fine servants....With fifty men we could subjugate them all and make them do whatever we want.These Arawaks of the Bahama Islands were much like Indians on the mainland, who wereremarkable (European observers were to say again and again) for their hospitality, their belief insharing. These traits did not stand out in the Europe of the Renaissance, dominated as it was by thereligion of popes, the government of kings, the frenzy for money that marked Western civilizationand its first messenger to the Americas, Christopher Columbus.Columbus wrote:As soon as I arrived in the Indies, on the first Island which I found, I took some of the natives byforce in order that they might learn and might give me information of whatever there is in theseparts.The information that Columbus wanted most was: Where is the gold? He had persuaded the kingand queen of Spain to finance an expedition to the lands, the wealth, he expected would be on theother side of the Atlantic-the Indies and Asia, gold and spices. For, like other informed people of histime, he knew the world was round and he could sail west in order to get to the Far East.

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