Unit 2 Introduction.doc - INTRODUCTIONS Introduction In...

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INTRODUCTIONS Introduction In this unit you will write introductory paragraphs. Most introductions in all forms of academic writing (essays, reports, reviews) follow the general to specific method of organisation. The benefits of writing good introductions for your assignments are enormous, for both your reader and you. First impressions are powerful. If your assignment begins with a well-written introduction, your lecturer will look forward to reading what follows and will be very clear about your direction and argument. Just as the topic sentence of a paragraph controls the organisation and information of a paragraph, so the introduction to an assignment controls the organisation and information of the whole text. Objectives When you have finished studying this unit you should be able to: recognise and understand the functional stages of an academic introduction revise introductory paragraphs in line with academic conventions write a clear introduction using the conventional format, with a topic sentence and relevant support sentences. FEATURES OF INTRODUCTIONS The following introductions are from a textbook, a journal article, a student’s essay and a student’s experimental report. While they vary greatly in topic, length and treatment, they share some features. What are they? Each one has been analysed briefly in a table to help you make comparisons. a. Introduction to section of university textbook (Management) Title: “What is Management?” Management is about people. More formally it is the process of achieving organisational goals through engaging in the four major functions of planning, organising, leading and controlling. This definition recognises that management is an ongoing activity, which entails reaching important goals and involves knowing how to perform the four major functions of management (Carroll & Gillen 1987). We briefly review these major functions before considering their relation to other aspects of managerial work. Bartol et al. 1995, p.13 Functional analysis of stages of introduction 1 Management is about people. General Orientation to topic Attract interest
More formally it is the process of achieving organisational goals through engaging in the four major functions of planning, organising, leading and controlling. Less General Definition This definition recognises that management is an ongoing activity, which entails reaching important goals and involves knowing how to perform the four major functions of management (Carroll & Gillen 1987). More Specific Expanded definition We briefly review these major functions before considering their relation to other aspects of managerial work. Specific Statement of scope and plan of section b. Introduction to academic journal article (Computer Studies) Title: “An investigation of the Therac-25 accidents” Computers are increasingly being introduced into safety-critical systems and, as a consequence, have been involved in accidents. Some of the most widely cited software-related accidents in

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