Midterm #1 - ANTH 101 Midterm Review Guide 4...

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ANTH 101 Midterm Review Guide 4 sub-disciplines of anthropology Biological Archaeology Socio-cultural Linguistics Expanded definitions of “culture” 1. Uniquely human trait 2. Learned patterns of thought behavior 3. Characteristics of a social group 4. Innate 5. “An intricate web of meaning is how we give order to our world” – Geertz 6. Gives order to chaos 7. Expressed through symbols 8. Adaptive; strategy for survival 9. Related to the environment 10. Changes slowly 11. Partial 12. Selective 13. Hypothesized to have evolved as a response to difference (fear?) 14. Dynamic 15. Integrated 16. Ways of life structured by power and representations Historical Shifts in Anthropology late 1880s: Imperialism Early   -------------------------------------------------------   Recent armchair face to face retreat 2 nd  hand field reflexive colonial new-colonial Infrastructure material and economic culture (make from living off the land) Structure social organizations, power, relationships, roles and identities Super-Structure area of symbols, cognitive models, and ideology (the X factor – culture) Bias all people have a position on which they see the world Ethnocentrism pan-human tendency to think one’s culture is superior, and to judge others culture based on our own Cultural Relativism culture understood in terms of the values and ideas of that culture (don’t compare with others) Emic cultural insider perspective Etic
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cultural outsider perspective Colonization the extension of a nation’s sovereignty over territory beyond its borders by the establishment of either settler colonies or administrative dependencies in which indigenous populations are directly ruled or displaced Colonialism A set of beliefs used to legitimize or promote this system. Based on the ethnocentric belief that the morales and values of the colonizers were superior to others Participant-observation a researcher is able to observe over a duration of time, people's natural behaviour, and hence try and draw conclusions to
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course ANTH 101 taught by Professor Chapman during the Fall '08 term at University of Washington.

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Midterm #1 - ANTH 101 Midterm Review Guide 4...

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