5.12 Women in Agriculture.docx - 5.12 Women in Agriculture 1 Subsistence vs Commercial Comparison a General trends more women in agriculture in

5.12 Women in Agriculture.docx - 5.12 Women in Agriculture...

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5.12 Women in Agriculture 1. Subsistence vs. Commercial Comparison a. General trends: more women in agriculture in subsistence than in commercial BUT lots of variation -> why more women? i. Traditional roles from hunting and gathering origins ii. Men work in secondary / service sector in city iii. In the United States, for every dollar a man makes, a woman makes 77 cents b. Why so much variation in data? i. Green Rev. allows SOME surplus for subsistence farmers -> harder to distinguish between sub. And commercial activities ii. Gender roles in agriculture largely based on: 1. Type of agriculture 2. Cultural beliefs 3. Economic Opportunities for both men and women -> more women in ag. in LDCs than MDCs 2. Subsistence Agriculture and Division of Labor a. Mixed Crop and Livestock i. Men responsible for largest animals ii. Women tend the crops and care for smaller animals (chicken) near home 1. Lots of chickens are raised for pets, or eggs, or food b. Shifting Cultivation i. Men clear the land ii. Women cultivate the land c.

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