5.1 Intro to Agriculture.docx - 5.1 Introduction to Agriculture Agriculture \u2013 The practice of farming including cultivation of the soil for the

5.1 Intro to Agriculture.docx - 5.1 Introduction to...

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5.1 Introduction to Agriculture Agriculture – The practice of farming, including cultivation of the soil for the growing of crops and the rearing of animals to provide food and other products (wool, etc.). Influenced by physical environment and cultural practices. Example of culture is that there are food taboos, so you wouldn’t raise pigs in places that don’t eat pork. 1. Agriculture is influenced by the physical environment a. Topography i. Is the hand hilly, rocky, or sandy? ii. Plants need suitable room/nourishment to grow, or you adapt the place to make it suitable (Ester Boserup) b. Climate i. Sunlight 1. Need light to grow ii. Rainfall 1. How much rain does an area get? 2. If there isn’t much rainfall, you dig irrigation canals iii. Temperature 1. Plants need temperatures suitable for growth 2. Map a. More agriculture is created in less developed countries b. More developed countries – you’re growing for profit, not subsistence (growing to live) c. Agriculture is a primary sector because it’s harvesting from the ground 3. Climate Zones a. Area around equator i. Dry, arid ii. Tropical iii. Moderate / temperate climates iv. Based around climate, you can only grow certain things b. Mediterranean i. Not just around Mediterranean Sea ii. Good for growing crops such as grapes c. Continental i. Also good for crops 4. Types of Agriculture a. Developed countries i. Mixed crop and livestock ii. Dairy iii. Grain iv. Livestock ranching
v. Mediterranean vi. Commercial gardening (growing right outside of the city, so you can transport easily) 5. Influenced significantly by cultural practices a. Measures that humans take to ensure the productivity of crops.

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